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TAXON

Plant Diversity and Resources

Journal of Systematics and Evolution

Volume 56 Issue 4, Pages 262272.

Published Online: 2 July 2018

DOI: 10.1111/jse.12427

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A new phylogenetic tribal classification of the grape family (Vitaceae)

Jun Wen1*, Li-Min Lu2, Ze-Long Nie3, Xiu-Qun Liu4, Ning Zhang5, Stefanie Ickert-Bond6, Jean Gerrath7,8, Steven R. Manchester9, John Boggan1, and Zhiduan Chen2

1Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History, MRC 166, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC, 20013-7012, USA

2State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China

3Key Laboratory of Plant Resources Conservation and Utilization, College of Biology and Environmental Sciences, Jishou University, Jishou 416000, Hunan, China

4Key Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Biology (Ministry of Education), College of Horticulture and Forestry Science, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China

5Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Office of Regulatory Science, U. S. Food and Drug Administration, College Park, MD 20740-3835, USA

6UA Museum of the North Herbarium and Department of Biology and Wildlife, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775-6960, USA

7Department of Biology, University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, IA 50614-0421, USA

8Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada

9Florida Museum of Natural History and Department of Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611-7800, USA

Keywords: Ampelopseae, Cayratieae, Cisseae, classification, grape family, molecular phylogenetics, Parthenocisseae, tribal classification, Vitaceae, Viteae.

Abstract:

Vitaceae (the grape family) consist of 16 genera and ca. 950 species primarily distributed in tropical regions. The family is well\known for the economic importance of grapes, and is also ecologically significant with many species as dominant climbers in tropical and temperate forests. Recent phylogenetic and phylogenomic analyses of sequence data from all three genomes have supported five major clades within Vitaceae: (i) the clade of Ampelopsis, Nekemias, Rhoicissus, and Clematicissus; (ii) the Cissus clade; (iii) the clade of Cayratia, Causonis, Cyphostemma, Pseudocayratia, Tetrastigma, and an undescribed genus “Afrocayratia”; (iv) the clade of Parthenocissus and Yua; and (v) the grape genus Vitis and its close tropical relatives Ampelocissus, Pterisanthes and Nothocissus, with Nothocissus and Pterisanthes nested within Ampelocissus. Based on the phylogenetic and morphological (mostly inflorescence, floral and seed characters) evidence, the new classification places the 950 species and 16 genera into five tribes: (i) tribe Ampelopsideae J.Wen & Z.L.Nie, trib. nov. (47 species in four genera; Ampelopsis, Nekemias, Rhoicissus and Clematicissus); (ii) tribe Cisseae Rchb. (300 species in one genus; Cissus); (iii) tribe Cayratieae J.Wen & L.M.Lu, trib. nov. (370 species in seven genera; Cayratia, Causonis, “Afrocayratia”, Pseudocayratia, Acareosperma, Cyphostemma and Tetrastigma); (iv) tribe Parthenocisseae J.Wen & Z.D.Chen, trib. nov. (ca. 16 spp. in two genera; Parthenocissus and Yua); and (v) tribe Viteae Dumort. (ca. 190 species in two genera; Ampelocissus and Vitis).

 

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