J Syst Evol ›› 2013, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (6): 671-680.doi: 10.1111/jse.12024

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Three phases for the early peopling of Hainan Island viewed from mitochondrial DNA

1Dong-Na LI 2Chuan-Chao WANG 2Yan LU 2Zhen-Dong QIN 1Kun YANG 2Xue-Jing LIN 2Hui LI*   

  1. 1(Department of Biology, Hainan Medical College, Haikou 571199, China)
    2(State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering and MOE Key Laboratory of Contemporary Anthropology, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China)
  • Received:2012-12-21 Online:2013-04-10 Published:2013-11-08

Abstract: Hainan, an island linking mainland East Asia and Southeast Asia, lay in one of the routes of early migration to East Asia. The largest indigenous group of Hainan is called Hlai, possibly direct descendants of the earliest migrants. However, there are no sufficient genetic data to assess the population history of Hainan Island. Here, we have analyzed mitochondrial DNA control-region and coding-region sequence variations in 566 Hlai individuals from all five subgroups, Ha, Gei, Zwn, Moifau, and Jiamao. Our results suggest three phases for the peopling of Hainan. The first phase represents the initial settlement of the island as part of the African dispersal approximately 50 000 years ago. The second phase reflects colonization events from mainland Asia before the Last Glacial Maximum, which was recorded by wide distributed lineages, such as F*, B4a, and D4a.The third phase reflects population expansions under lineages F1b, M7b, and R9b after the Last Glacial Maximum and Neolithic migrations in and out of Hainan Island. Selection also started to play a role during the last phase. We also detected different distributions between paternal Y chromosome and maternal mitochondrial DNA among isolated Hlai populations, which might be caused by sex-biased cultural practices.

Key words: Hainan, Hlai, mtDNA, population expansion, selection, sex-biased cultural practices

[1] Jing-Jing Sun, Tao Zhou, Rui-Ting Zhang, Yun Jia, Yue-Mei Zhao, Jia Yang, and Gui-Fang Zhao. Comparative transcriptomes and development of expressed sequence tag‐simple sequence repeat markers for two closely related oak species . J Syst Evol, 2019, 57(5): 440-450.
[2] Mason W. Kulbaba, Ilona C. Clocher, Lawrence D. Harder. Inflorescence characteristics as function-valued traits: Analysis of heritability and selection on architectural effects . J Syst Evol, 2017, 55(6): 559-565.
[3] Man Zhao, Xiangxian Ying, Jie SunZhao Wang. Molecular evolution of Coq1 gene family in eukaryotes . J Syst Evol, 2017, 55(5): 417-425.
[4] Michael Kessler, Dirk Nikolaus Karger, Jürgen Kluge. Elevational diversity patterns as an example for evolutionary and ecological dynamics in ferns and lycophytes . J Syst Evol, 2016, 54(6): 617-625.
[5] Xiao-Ming Zheng, Fu-Qing Wu, Xin Zhang, Qi-Bing Lin, Jie Wang, Xiu-Ping Guo, Cai-Lin Lei, Zhi-Jun Cheng, Cheng Zou, Jian-Min Wan. Evolution of the PEBP gene family and selective signature on FT-like clade . J Syst Evol, 2016, 54(5): 502-510.
[6] Weronika B. Żukowska, Witold Wachowiak. Utility of closely related taxa for genetic studies of adaptive variation and speciation: Current state and perspectives in plants with focus on forest tree species . J Syst Evol, 2016, 54(1): 17-28.
[7] Xin-Bo ZHANG, Xiang-Ming MA, Bai-Yun WANG, Xiang-Hui MA, Zhi-Wen WANG. Selective pressure on synonymous codon usage in mammalian protein-encoding genes . J Syst Evol, 2015, 53(2): 191-195.
[8] Xiang-Guang MA, Cai ZHAO, Chang-Bao WANG, Qian-Long LIANG,Xing-Jin HE. Phylogenetic analyses and chromosome counts reveal multiple cryptic species in Bupleurum commelynoideum (Apiaceae) . J Syst Evol, 2015, 53(1): 104-116.
[9] Prabodh K. BAJPAI, Ashish R. WARGHAT, Anil KANT, Ravi B. SRIVASTAVA, Tsering STOBDAN. Detecting molecular signatures of natural selection in Morus alba populations from trans-Himalaya . J Syst Evol, 2014, 52(5): 589-597.
[10] Chao YANG, Zhe WANG, Xiao YANG, Bao-Rong LU. Segregation distortion affected by transgenes in early generations of rice crop-weed hybrid progeny: Implications for assessing potential evolutionary impacts from transgene flow into wild relatives . J Syst Evol, 2014, 52(4): 466-476.
[11] Liang-Liang YUE, Hang SUN. Montane refugia isolation and plateau population expansion: Phylogeography of Sino-Himalayan endemic Spenceria ramalana (Rosaceae) . J Syst Evol, 2014, 52(3): 326-340.
[12] Shu-Jun LIU, Xiao-Qiu DU, Feng WU, Xue-Lei LIN, Qi-Jiang XU, Zheng MENG. Evolutionary divergence of the PISTILLATA-like proteins in Hedyosmum orientale (Chloranthaceae) after gene duplication . J Syst Evol, 2013, 51(6): 681-692.
[13] Chuan-Chao WANG, Shi YAN, Zhen-Dong QIN, Yan LU, Qi-Liang DING, Lan-Hai WEI, Shi-Lin LI, Ya-Jun YANG, Li JIN, Hui LI, the Genographic Consortium. Late Neolithic expansion of ancient Chinese revealed by Y chromosome haplogroup O3a1c-002611 . J Syst Evol, 2013, 51(3): 280-286.
[14] Dong-Na LI, Chuan-Chao WANG, Kun YANG, Zhen-Dong QIN, Yan LU, Xue-Jing LIN, Hui Li, the Genographic Consortium. Substitution of Hainan indigenous genetic lineage in the Utsat people, exiles of the Champa kingdom . J Syst Evol, 2013, 51(3): 287-294.
[15] Zi-Juan WANG, Kai-Yun GUAN. Genetic structure and phylogeography of a relict tree fern, Sphaeropteris brunoniana (Cyatheaceae) from China and Laos inferred from cpDNA sequence variations: Implications for conservation . J Syst Evol, 2011, 49(1): 72-79.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!