J Syst Evol ›› 2015, Vol. 53 ›› Issue (4): 297-307.doi: 10.1111/jse.12133

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Late Eocene leaves of Nageia (section Dammaroideae) from Maoming Basin, South China and their implications on phytogeography

Xiao-Yan Liu1,2, Qi Gao1,2, and Jian-Hua Jin1,2*   

  1. 1State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol and Guangdong Key Laboratory of Plant Resources, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
  • Received:2014-08-17 Online:2014-09-23 Published:2015-01-30

Abstract: A new species of Nageia, Nageia maomingensis sp. nov., is described from the Late Eocene of Maoming Basin, Guangdong Province, South China. According to its cuticular characteristics, the present fossil species is assigned to N. sect. Dammaroideae, showing the most resemblance to the extant species N. motleyi (Parl.) de Laub. At present, this section is mainly distributed in the Pacific islands region from South Asia to New Guinea. The discovery of N. maomingensis demonstrates that plants of this section inhabited South China at least by the Eocene. The distribution and living habitat of extant N. sect. Dammaroideae imply that South China was warmer during the Late Eocene than today, and may represent one of the centers for early diversification of Nageia and its section Dammaroideae during the Eocene. In addition, we postulate that plants of sect. Dammaroideae migrated southward in response to climate cooling after the Eocene.

Key words: Late Eocene, Maoming Basin, Nageia sect. Dammaroideae, phytogeography, South China

[1] Lu-Liang Huang, Jian-Hua Jin, Cheng Quan, and Alexei A. Oskolski. Mummified Magnoliaceae woods from the upper Oligocene of South China, with biogeography, paleoecology, and wood trait evolution implications . J Syst Evol, 2020, 58(1): 89-100.
[2] Yan Wu, Jian-Hua Jin, Nan Li, Hui-Min He, Ting Chen, and Xiao-Yan Liu. Early Oligocene Calocedrus (Cupressaceae) from the Maoming Basin, South China, and its paleogeographic and paleoclimatic implications . J Syst Evol, 2019, 57(2): 142-152.
[3] Lin-Bo Jia, Tao Su, Yong-Jiang Huang, Fei-Xiang Wu, Tao Deng, and Zhe-Kun Zhou. First fossil record of Cedrelospermum (Ulmaceae) from the Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau: Implications for morphological evolution and biogeography . J Syst Evol, 2019, 57(2): 94-104.
[4] Xiao-Yan Liu, Sheng-Lan Xu, Meng Han, and Jian-Hua Jin. An early Oligocene fossil acorn, associated leaves and pollen of the ring‐cupped oaks (Quercus subg. Cyclobalanopsis) from Maoming Basin, South China . J Syst Evol, 2019, 57(2): 153-168.
[5] Ke-Nan Liu, San-Ping Xie, Steven R. Manchester, Yun-Feng Wang, Yang Shao, Bin-Ke Li. Samaras of Ventilago (Rhamnaceae) from the upper Miocene of Lincang, Yunnan, China and their phytogeographic implications . J Syst Evol, 2015, 53(3): 252-258.
[6] Cong-Hui XIONG,De-Ming WANG, Qi WANG,Mei-Cen MENG. A new euphyllophyte Kunia venusta gen. et sp. nov. from the Middle Devonian of Yunnan, South China . J Syst Evol, 2012, 50(6): 540-549.
[7] Jian-Wei ZHANG, Ashalata D'ROZARIO, Li-Jun WANG, Ya LI, Jian-Xin YAO. A new species of the extinct genus Austrohamia(Cupressaceae s.l.) in the Daohugou Jurassic flora of China and its phytogeographical implications . J Syst Evol, 2012, 50(1): 72-82.
[8] Yun GUO, De-Ming WANG. Anatomical reinvestigation of Archaeopteris macilenta from the Upper Devonian (Frasnian) of South China . J Syst Evol, 2011, 49(6): 590-597.
[9] Guo-Wei ZHOU, Hui HUANG. Low genetic diversity of symbiotic dinoflagellates (Symbiodinium) in scleractinian corals from tropical reefs in southern Hainan Island, China . J Syst Evol, 2011, 49(6): 598-605.
[10] Zhi-Jun DONG, Hui HUANG, Liang-Min HUANG, Yuan-Chao LI. Diversity of symbiotic algae of the genus Symbiodinium in scleractinian corals of the Xisha Islands in the South China Sea . J Syst Evol, 2009, 47(4): 321-326.
[11] Steven R. MANCHESTER, Zhi-Duan CHEN, An-Ming LU, Kazuhiko UEMURA. Eastern Asian endemic seed plant genera and their paleogeographic history throughout the Northern Hemisphere . J Syst Evol, 2009, 47(1): 1-42.
[12] TANG Yan-Cheng, LU An-Ming, CHEN Zhi-Duan, ZHANG Yuan, ZHANG Fu-Min. On extant primitive angiosperms and their phytogeography . J Syst Evol, 2002, 40(3): 242-259.
[13] M. G. Pimenov, E. V. Kljuykov. Floristic novelties in the Umbelliferae of Xinjiang, China . J Syst Evol, 2001, 39(3): 193-202.
[14] Tang Yan-cheng, Li Liang-qian. On Historical Elements and Tertiary Precursors of Eastern Asiatic Angiospermous Flora—Based on Phytogeogrophy of Staphyleaceae, Morinaceae and Caprifoliaceae . J Syst Evol, 1996, 34(5): 453-478.
[15] Jia Yu, Wu Pan-cheng, Luo Jian-xin. The Mossflora of Mt. Jiuwan, Guangxi and Its Significance in Dividing the Boundary Line Between Tropical and Subtropical Regions in China (To be continued) . J Syst Evol, 1995, 33(5): 461-468.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] Qifeng Wang, Qiong Yi, Kunzhi Li, Limei Chen, Yongxiong Yu. Construction of a Suppression Subtractive Hybridization Library for Stylosanthes guianensis Under Aluminum Stress and Expressed Sequence Tag Analysis[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2010, 45(06): 679 -688 .
[2] Zhou Zhi-qin. A Study on the Application of the Median Elimination Series[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1995, 12(03): 54 -58 .
[3] Xing Xiao-hei. Advances on the Isolated Microspores Culture of Cereal Crops[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1995, 12(增刊): 21 -24 .
[4] Luo Jian-Ping and Li Yuan. Conditioning Factors Influencing Plant Single Cell Clone[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1995, 12(增刊): 17 -20 .
[5] Jia Shi-rong and Cao Dong-sun. Transgenic Plants[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1992, 9(02): 3 -15 .
[6] ;MA Xiao-Di PENG Hui-Ru WANG Mao WANG Li② SUN Qi-Xin. Evaluation of Heat Tolerance in Crop[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2004, 21(04): 411 -418 .
[7] Wang Guan-lin;Fang Hong-jun and Na Jie. Application of Potent Cytolinin-Thidiazuron (TDZ) to Plant Tissue Culture[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1997, 14(03): 47 -53 .
[8] Zhao Gao-fan. Callas Induction and Organ Regeneration in Tissue of Fritillaria ussuriensis Maxim[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1983, 1(02): 40 -41 .
[9] Wenjie Wang;Yu Guan;Yuangang Zu*;Wenbo Liao;Zhonghua Zhang;Huafeng Chen;Haisheng He. Light Reflectance, Transmittance, and Utilization Efficiency of Leaves of Mikania micrantha and Interspecies Comparison within the Same Community[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2008, 25(06): 638 -647 .
[10] Hui Huang;Xiaocheng Jiang;Hongyan Cheng;Songquan Song. Progress of Study of Seed Proteomes[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2008, 25(05): 597 -607 .