J Syst Evol ›› 2017, Vol. 55 ›› Issue (6): 487-515.doi: 10.1111/jse.12259

• Reviews • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Evolution and developmental genetics of floral display—A review of progress

Qing Ma1,2*, Wenheng Zhang3, and Qiu-Yun (Jenny) Xiang2*   

  1. 1Key Laboratory of Conservation Biology for Endangered Wildlife of the Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
    2Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-7612, USA
    3Department of Biology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23284, USA
  • Received:2017-03-22 Online:2017-05-11 Published:2017-11-16

Abstract: Angiosperms evolved a great diversity of ways to display their flowers for reproductive success by variation in floral color, size, shape, scent, arrangements, and flowering time. The various innovations in floral forms and the aggregation of flowers into different kinds of inflorescences can drive new ecological adaptations, speciation, and angiosperm diversification. Evolutionary developmental biology (evo-devo) seeks to uncover the developmental and genetic basis underlying morphological diversification. Advances in the developmental genetics of floral display have provided a foundation for insights into the genetic basis of floral and inflorescence evolution. A number of regulatory genes controlling floral and inflorescence development have been identified in model plants (e.g., Arabidopsis thaliana, Antirrhinum majus) using forward genetics and conserved functions of many of these genes across diverse non-model species have been revealed by reverse genetics. Gene-regulatory networks that mediated the developmental progresses of floral and inflorescence development have also been established in some plant species. Meanwhile, phylogeny-based comparative analysis of morphological and genetic character has enabled the identification of key evolutionary events that lead to morphological complexity and diversification. Here we review the recent progress on evo-devo studies of floral display including floral symmetry, petal fusion, floral color, floral scent, and inflorescences. We also review the molecular genetic approaches applied to plant evo-devo studies and highlight the future directions of evo-devo.

Key words: evo-devo, floral display, genetic basis, morphological variation

[1] Xing-Fu Zhu, Ji-Qin Yang, and Qing-Jun Li. How floral displays affect geitonogamy in an upward foraging bumblebee‐pollinated protandrous plant . J Syst Evol, 2020, 58(2): 182-188.
[2] De-Li PENG, Xiao-Kun OU, Bo XU, Zhi-Qiang ZHANG, Yang NIU, Zhi-Min LI, Hang SUN. Plant sexual systems correlated with morphological traits: Reflecting reproductive strategies of alpine plants . J Syst Evol, 2014, 52(3): 368-377.
[3] Qiu-Shi YU, Qian WANG, Ai-Lan WANG, Gui-Li WU,Jian-Quan LIU. Interspecific delimitation and phylogenetic origin of Pugionium (Brassicaceae) . J Syst Evol, 2010, 48(3): 195-206.
[4] Ji-Si ZHANG Ying TIAN Li WANG Chao-Ying HE*. Functional evolutionary developmental biology (evo-devo) of morphological novelties in plants . J Syst Evol, 2010, 48(2): 94-101.
[5] ZHANG Zhi-Yun, LU Bao-Rong, WEN Jie. The Structural Features of Leaf Epidermis in Oryza and Their Systematic Significance . J Syst Evol, 1998, 36(1): 8-18.
[6] Lu Bao-rong. Morphological Identification of Elymus sibiricus, E. nutans, and E. burchan-buddae, and Their Genomic Relationships . J Syst Evol, 1994, 32(6): 504-513.
[7] Wang Jin-wu, Yang Ji, Li Mao-xue. The Morphological Variation and the Karyotypical Characters of Dendranthema indicum and D. lavandulifolium . J Syst Evol, 1993, 31(2): 140-146.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] Cui Gao;Yuxia Chen;Ying Bao;Min Feng;Anming Lu. Studies on Sexual Organs and Embryological Development Morphology of Speirantha gardenii (Convallariaceae)[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2010, 45(06): 705 -712 .
[2] Jiang Gao-ming. The Impact of Globae Increasing of CO2 on Plants[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1995, 12(04): 1 -7 .
[3] Zhang Jun Han Bi-wen. Advance in the Study of Histochemical Localization for[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1995, 12(专辑3): 131 -142 .
[4] Tang Yan-cheng. A Short Guide to the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature V.[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1984, 2(04): 51 -57 .
[5] Xu Ji. The Protective Protein of Nitrogenase Against Oxygen Damage-Fe-S Protein[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1986, 4(12): 1 -4 .
[6] . [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2001, 18(05): 633 .
[7] Huang Zhao-xiang;Zheng Zhen-gui and Zhu Du. Ecological Effect of Taxodium ascendens-Oryza sativa Ecosystem(I) The Growing Characteristic of Taxodium Ascendens in the Ecosystem[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1996, 13(02): 48 -51 .
[8] Zhihong Xu;Jiayang Li. Plant Hormones Research in China: Past, Present and Future[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2006, 23(5): 433 -442 .
[9] GU Rui-Sheng;LIU Qun-Lu;CHEN Xue-Mei and JIANG Xiang-Ning. Comparison and Optimization of the Methods on Protein Extraction and SDS-PAGE in Woody Plants[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1999, 16(02): 171 -177 .
[10] Jiang Gao-ming. LI-6400 Portable Photosynthesis System: Principle, Function, Basic Operation and Main Problems and Solutions During Measurement[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1996, 13(增刊): 72 -76 .