J Syst Evol ›› 2018, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (3): 194-201.doi: 10.1111/jse.12304

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Hypothesizing the origin, migration routes, and distribution patterns of Ophiopogon (Asparagaceae) in East and Southeast Asia

Guang-Yan Wang1,2,3 and Yong-Ping Yang1,2,3*   

  1. 1Key Laboratory for Plant Diversity and Biogeography of East Asia, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201,China 2Plant Germplasm and Genomics Center, Germplasm Bank of Wild Species, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201, China 3Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research at Kunming, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201, China
  • Received:2017-09-16 Accepted:2018-01-29 Online:2018-07-11 Published:2018-05-10


Ophiopogon Ker‐Gawl. (Ophiopogoneae, Asparagaceae) is a genus containing approximately 65 species distributed in East and Southeast Asia. The biogeographical history within the area is still poorly known. Divergence time estimation was used to infer the biogeographic history of Ophiopogon based on nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer data from 33 Ophiopogon species, three Liriope Lour. species, and six Peliosanthes Andrews species. The ancestral area and dispersal routes of Ophiopogon were inferred using the Bayesian binary method. Ophiopogon motouensis S. C. Chen was a transitional taxon. Ophiopogon was estimated to have originated in Southwest China during the middle Miocene (11.74 Ma). Five migrations were hypothesized to explain the expansion of Ophiopogon from Southwest China to East China, South Central China, South China, Taiwan, and Southeast Asia. The separation of Ophiopogon into East China and South Central China may be consistent with a broad east–west arid zone in continental Asia during the Paleogene. A migration from Southwest China to Taiwan was inferred in the Pliocene, when the ancestor of O. intermedius D. Don may have moved from Southwest China through the Yunnan–Guizhou Plateau by the Nanling Corridor and Fujian–Taiwan Bridge into Taiwan. There was a dispersal route in the Pliocene (at 3.79 Ma) from Southwest China to South China, either along the Taiwan route (from Southwest China through the Yunnan–Guizhou Plateau along the Nanling Corridor to Guangxi), or related to the E'mei Mountain orogeny. There was another dispersal event in the early Pleistocene at 2.00 Ma from Southwest China to Southeast Asia, possibly associated with the last uplift of the Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau.

Key words: biogeography, East Asia, Ophiopogon, Southeast Asia.

[1] He Tang, Jia Liu, Fei-Xiang Wu, Teresa Spicer, Robert A. Spicer, Wei-Yu-Dong Deng, Cong-Li Xu, Fan Zhao, Jian Huang, Shu-Feng Li, Tao Su, and Zhe-Kun Zhou. Extinct genus Lagokarpos reveals a biogeographic connection between Tibet and other regions in the Northern Hemisphere during the Paleogene . J Syst Evol, 2019, 57(6): 670-677.
[2] Virginia Valcárcel and Jun Wen. Chloroplast phylogenomic data support Eocene amphi‐Pacific early radiation for the Asian Palmate core Araliaceae . J Syst Evol, 2019, 57(6): 547-560.
[3] Jonathan P. Price and Warren L. Wagner. Origins of the Hawaiian flora: Phylogenies and biogeography reveal patterns of long‐distance dispersal . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(6): 600-620.
[4] Liang Zhao, Daniel Potter, Yuan Xu, Pei-Liang Liu, Gabriel Johnson, Zhao-Yang Chang, Jun Wen. Phylogeny and spatio‐temporal diversification of Prunus subgenus Laurocerasus section Mesopygeum (Rosaceae) in the Malesian region . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(6): 637-651.
[5] Marc S. Appelhans, Jun Wen, Marco Duretto, Darren Crayn, Warren L. Wagner. Historical biogeography of Melicope (Rutaceae) and its close relatives with a special emphasis on Pacific dispersals . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(6): 576-599.
[6] Daniel Spalink, Jocelyn Pender, Marcial Escudero, Andrew L. Hipp, Eric H. Roalson, Julian R. Starr, Marcia J. Waterway, Lynn Bohs, and Kenneth J. Sytsma. The spatial structure of phylogenetic and functional diversity in the United States and Canada: An example using the sedge family (Cyperaceae) . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(5): 449-465.
[7] Monte Garroutte, Falk Huettmann, Campbell O. Webb, and Stefanie M. Ickert-Bond. Biogeographic and anthropogenic correlates of Aleutian Islands plant diversity: A machine‐learning approach . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(5): 476-497.
[8] David J. Hearn, Margaret Evans, Ben Wolf, Michael McGinty, Jun Wen. Dispersal is associated with morphological innovation, but not increased diversification, in Cyphostemma (Vitaceae) . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(4): 340-359.
[9] Vicki A. Funk. Collections-based science in the 21st Century . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(3): 175-193.
[10] Meng Han, Steven R. Manchester, Qiong-Yao Fu, Jian-Hua Jin, Cheng Quan. Paleogene fossil fruits of Stephania (Menispermaceae) from North America and East Asia . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(2): 81-91.
[11] AJ Harris, Ping-Ting Chen, Xin-Wei Xu, Jian-Qiang Zhang, Xue Yang, Jun Wen. A molecular phylogeny of Staphyleaceae: Implications for generic delimitation and classical biogeographic disjunctions in the family . J Syst Evol, 2017, 55(2): 124-141.
[12] Thaís Elias Almeida, Alexandre Salino. State of the art and perspectives on neotropical fern and lycophyte systematics . J Syst Evol, 2016, 54(6): 679-690.
[13] Jun Wen, Ze-Long Nie, Stefanie M. Ickert-Bond. Intercontinental disjunctions between eastern Asia and western North America in vascular plants highlight the biogeographic importance of the Bering land bridge from late Cretaceous to Neogene . J Syst Evol, 2016, 54(5): 469-490.
[14] Hong-Mei Liu. Embracing the pteridophyte classification of Ren-Chang Ching using a generic phylogeny of Chinese ferns and lycophytes . J Syst Evol, 2016, 54(4): 307-335.
[15] Stefanie M. Ickert-Bond, Susanne S. Renner. The Gnetales: Recent insights on their morphology, reproductive biology, chromosome numbers, biogeography, and divergence times . J Syst Evol, 2016, 54(1): 1-16.
Full text



[1] Yang Ying-gen;Zhang Li-jun and Li yu. Studies on the Postharvest Physiology properties of Peach Fruits[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1995, 12(04): 47 -49 .
[2] Zhou Shi-gong. Applications of Lanthanum in Botanical Research[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1992, 9(02): 26 -29 .
[3] . [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1996, 13(专辑): 105 .
[4] 杜维广 王彬如 谭克辉 郝迺斌. An Approach to the Breeding of Soybean with High Photosynthetic Efficiency[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1984, 2(23): 7 -11 .
[5] ZHAO Yun-Yun ZHOU Xiao-Mei YANG Cai. Production of Hybrid F1 Between Avena magna and Avena nuda and It''s Identification[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2003, 20(03): 302 -306 .
[6] . Professor Jiayang Li, a Plant Molecular Genetist[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2003, 20(03): 370 -372 .
[7] . [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1996, 13(专辑): 100 -101 .
[8] Qiong Jiang, Youning Wang, Lixiang Wang, Zhengxi Sun, Xia Li. Validation of Reference Genes for Quantitative RT-PCR Analysis in Soybean Root Tissue under Salt Stress[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2015, 50(6): 754 -764 .
[9] MA Ke-Ming. Advances of the Study on Species Abundance Pattern[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2003, 27(3): 412 -426 .