J Syst Evol ›› 2019, Vol. 57 ›› Issue (2): 190-199.doi: 10.1111/jse.12462

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

New pollen classification of Chenopodiaceae for exploring and tracing desert vegetation evolution in eastern arid central Asia

Kai-Qing Lu1,2†, Min Li1†, Guo-Hong Wang3†, Lian-Sheng Xu1,2, David K. Ferguson4, Anjali Trivedi5, Jing Xuan1, Ying Feng6, Jin-Feng Li1, Gan Xie1,2, Yi-Feng Yao1*, and Yu-Fei Wang1,2*   

  1. 1State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
    2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
    4University of Vienna, Institute of Palaeontology, Vienna A-1090, Austria
    5Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences, Lucknow 226007, India
    6Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China
  • Received:2018-07-12 Accepted:2018-09-09 Online:2019-01-01 Published:2019-03-01

Abstract: Members of the Chenopodiaceae are the most dominant elements in the central Asian desert. The different genera and species within this family are common in desert vegetation types. Should it prove possible to link pollen types in this family to specific desert vegetation, it would be feasible to trace vegetation successions in the geological past. Nevertheless, the morphological similarity of pollen grains in the Chenopodiaceae rarely permits identification at the generic level. Although some pollen classifications of Chenopodiaceae have been proposed, none of them tried to link pollen types to specific desert vegetation types in order to explore their ecological significance. Based on the pollen morphological characters of 13 genera and 24 species within the Chenopodiaceae of eastern central Asia, we provide a new pollen classification of this family with six pollen types and link them to those plant communities dominated by Chenopodiaceae, for example, temperate dwarf semi‐arboreal desert (Haloxylon type), temperate succulent halophytic dwarf semi‐shrubby desert (Suaeda, Kalidium, and Atriplex types), temperate annual graminoid desert (Kalidium type), temperate semi‐shrubby and dwarf semi‐shrubby desert (Kalidium, Iljini, and Haloxylon types), and alpine cushion dwarf semi‐shrubby desert (Krascheninnikovia type). These findings represent a new approach for detecting specific desert vegetation types and deciphering ecosystem evolution in eastern central Asia.

Key words: Arid central Asia, Chenopodiaceae, Desert, Pollen types, Vegetation

[1] Yong Shi, Xia Yan, Heng-Xia Yin, Chao-Ju Qian, Xing-Ke Fan, Xiao-Yue Yin, Yu-Xiao Chang, Cheng-Jun Zhang, and Xiao-Fei Ma. Divergence and hybridization in the desert plant Reaumuria soongarica . J Syst Evol, 2020, 58(2): 159-173.
[2] AJ Harris, Stefanie Ickert-Bond, and Aarón Rodríguez. Long distance dispersal in the assembly of floras: A review of progress and prospects in North America . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(5): 430-448.
[3] Zhong-Hu LI, Jian CHEN, Gui-Fang ZHAO, Yu-Peng GUO, Yi-Xuan KOU,Ya-Zheng MA, Gang WANG, Xiao-Fei MA. Response of a desert shrub to past geological and climatic change: A phylogeographic study of Reaumuria soongarica (Tamaricaceae) in western China . J Syst Evol, 2012, 50(4): 351-361.
[4] Vijay Kumar Singhal, Pawan Kumar Rana,Puneet Kumar. Syncytes during male meiosis resulting in 2n pollen grains formation in Lindelofia longiflora var. falconeri . J Syst Evol, 2011, 49(5): 406-410.
[5] Julio V SCHNEIDER, Marilu L HUERTAS. Karyotype analysis and polyploidy in Palaua and a comparison with its sister group Fuertesimalva (Malvaceae) . J Syst Evol, 2010, 48(3): 175-182.
[6] Michael O. DILLON, Tieyao TU, Lei XIE, Victor QUIPUSCOA SILVESTRE, Jun WEN. Biogeographic diversification in Nolana (Solanaceae), a ubiquitous member of the Atacama and Peruvian Deserts along the western coast of South America . J Syst Evol, 2009, 47(5): 457-476.
[7] Tao ZHANG; Dun-Yan TAN *. Adaptive significances of sexual system in andromonoecious Capparis spinosa (Capparaceae) . J Syst Evol, 2008, 46(6): 861-873.
[8] ZHAO Yi-Zhi. Synstemon deserticolus Y. Z. Zhao—A New Species of Brassicaceae from Nei Monggol . J Syst Evol, 1998, 36(4): 373-374.
[9] Zhu Ge-lin. Origin, Differentiation, and Geographic Distribution of the Chenopodiaceae . J Syst Evol, 1996, 34(5): 486-504.
[10] Shen Wei-shou. Floristic Features of Sand Vegetation in the Middle Reaches of the Yarlung Zangbo, Xizang (Tibet) . J Syst Evol, 1996, 34(3): 276-281.
[11] Liu Ying-xin. A Study on Origin and Formation of the Chinese Desert Floras . J Syst Evol, 1995, 33(2): 131-143.
[12] Lian Yong-Shan, Chen Xue-Lin. The Ecogeographical Distribution of Hippophae rhamnoides Subsp. sinensis and Its Phytogeographical Significance . J Syst Evol, 1992, 30(4): 349-355.
[13] Tao Jun-Rong. The Tertiary Vegetation and Flora and Floristic Regions in China . J Syst Evol, 1992, 30(1): 25-42.
[14] Li Liang-Qian, Zhang Chun-Fang, Song Shu-Yin, Chen Yan. The Flora of the Huping Mountains in W. Hunan Province . J Syst Evol, 1991, 29(2): 113-130.
[15] Ying Tsun-Shen, Li Yun-Feng, Guo Qin-Feng, Cui He. Observations on the Flora and Vegetation of Taibai Shan, Qinling Mountain Range, Southern Shaanxi, China . J Syst Evol, 1990, 28(4): 261-293.
Full text



[1] Hu Shi-yi. Fertilization in Plants IV. Fertilization Barriers Inoompalibilty[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1984, 2(23): 93 -99 .
[2] JIANG Gao-Ming. On the Restoration and Management of Degraded Ecosystems: with Special Reference of Protected Areas in the Restoration of Degraded Lands[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2003, 20(03): 373 -382 .
[3] . [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1994, 11(专辑): 65 .
[4] . [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1996, 13(专辑): 103 .
[5] ZHANG Xiao-Ying;YANG Shi-Jie. Plasmodesmata and Intercellular Trafficking of Macromolecules[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1999, 16(02): 150 -156 .
[6] Chen Zheng. Arabidopsis thaliana as a Model Species for Plant Molecular Biology Studies[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1994, 11(01): 6 -11 .
[7] . [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1996, 13(专辑): 13 -16 .
[8] LEI Xiao-Yong HUANG LeiTIAN Mei-ShengHU Xiao-SongDAI Yao-Ren. Isolation and Identification of AOX (Alternative Oxidase) in ‘Royal Gala’ Apple Fruits[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2002, 19(06): 739 -742 .
[9] Chunpeng Yao;Na Li. Research Advances on Abscisic Acid Receptor[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2006, 23(6): 718 -724 .
[10] Li Wang, Qinqin Wang, Youqun Wang. Cytochemical Localization of ATPase and Acid Phosphatase in Minor Veins of the Leaf of Vicia faba During Different Developmental Stages[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2014, 49(1): 78 -86 .