J Syst Evol ›› 2010, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (6): 464-473.DOI: 10.1111/j.1759-6831.2010.00101.x

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Comparative pollen morphology of Glechoma and Marmoritis (Nepetinae, Lamiaceae)

Tae‐Soo Jang Suk‐Pyo Hong*   

  1. (Laboratory of Plant Systematics, Department of Biology, Institute of Basic Sciences, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 130-701, Korea)
  • Received:2009-09-25 Published:2010-11-18

Abstract: The pollen morphology of 13 taxa (34 specimens) of the genera Glechoma L., and Marmoritis Benth. was investigated in detail using light, scanning electron, and transmission electron microscopy. Pollen grains of all studied taxa are small to large in size (P= 32.5–60.4 μm, E= 20.2–50.5 μm), prolate-spheroidal to prolate in shape and mostly hexacolpate (the amb more or less circular or rarely ellipsoid) with granular membranes. The sexine ornamentation of Glechoma is bireticulate; the muri of the primary reticulum are irregularly circled, and lumen size is short. In contrast, the sexine surfaces of the Marmoritis pollen tend to more elongate or wider at the muri of the primary reticulum than those of the Glechoma. The pollen wall stratification of selected taxa (three from Glechoma and one from Marmoritis) is characterized by unbranched columellae, and continuous or distinctly discontinuous endexine based on transmission electron microscopy observation. The results of Glechoma and Marmoritis reveal rather similar pollen morphological features, however, fine details of sexine ornamentation are characteristic to differentiate the pollen taxa. Although these differences may be useful in establishing the taxonomic boundary between two genera, they are too weak to segregate diagnostic characters.

Key words: Glechoma, Lamiaceae, Marmoritis, Nepetinae, pollen morphology, scanning electron microscope, sexine ornamentation, transmission electron microscope.