J Syst Evol ›› 2014, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (6): 783-789.DOI: 10.1111/jse.12117

• Reviews & Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Aegilops conservation and collection evaluation in the Czech Republic

1Vojtěch HOLUBEC*, 2Alena HANZALOVÁ, 2Veronika DUMALASOVÁ, 2Pavel BARTOŠ   

  1. 1(Gene Bank, Crop Research Institute, Praha – Ruzyně, Czech Republic)
    2(Genetics and Breeding, Crop Research Institute, Praha – Ruzyně, Czech Republic)
  • Received:2014-02-11 Published:2014-11-13

Abstract: Aegilops distribution was revised on localities in the territory of the Czech Republic and the former Czechoslovakia, based on herbarium data, literature and floristic databases. The only surviving species Ae. cylindrica forms the northern limit of distribution in the Danube basin, other sites are secondary. In situ conservation was proposed for two Czech sites where Aegilops have been naturalized. An ex situ gene bank collection has been maintained in the Gene Bank Prague since 1985. The collection includes 21 species and 1099 accessions. The whole collection was evaluated for breeding-valuable characters: resistance to leaf diseases, cereal aphids, viral diseases, and qualitative parameters. Recently, the collection was retested for the present races of leaf and stem rust including new introductions from Kazakhstan. Six different leaf rust races and five different stem rust races collected from the Czech Republic were applied in the older tests, and three races from each rust species in the recent tests. The highest number of accessions resistant both to wheat leaf rust and wheat stem rust and powdery mildew was found in Ae. speltoides (90%). Different reactions of individual accessions of the tested species to the three different pathotypes of each rust species indicates that several diverse genes for specific resistance are present in the accessions of the tested species.

Key words: Aegilops, distribution, evaluation, in situ conservation, resistance.