J Syst Evol ›› 1993, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (3): 252-260.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A Numerical Taxonomic Study of Citrus and Its Close Relatives

Zhong Guang-yan, Ye Yin-min   

  • Published:1993-05-18

Abstract: Fifty nine taxa of Citrus, Fortunella and Poncirus were studied by hierarchical agglomerative clustering analysis and quantas type 3 analysis using 86 morphological characters. Five affinity groups were obtained in Citrus. The first group includes C. medica, C. limon, C. limonia, C. aurantifolia and C. iambhiri; the second includes C. grandis, C. aurantium, C. sinensis and C. paradisi; the third is mandarin (C. reticulata); the forth is C. ichangensis; The last is C. hongheensis. Mandarin oranges show two subgroups: one comprise satsuma, King, Shagan, Tankan and Bendiguangju, and the other consists of the remaining typical mandrins. The two papeda oranges, honghe papeda and ichang papeda, could not be clustered into the same group, indicating that they might have evolved from two compeletly different ancestors. Pumelos(C. grandis) show some relationships to honghe papeda orange. C. limonia is assumed to be a hybrid between rough lemon and mandarin. The sweet orange(C. sinensis) is considered to be the offspring of pomelo and mandarin. Zhekiang jinju a small mandarin generally considered similar to calamondin in China, should be a true mandarin orange based on our results. Poncirus was well distinguished from the other two genera, Citrus and Fortunella, by the numerical methods used in this study. Our results show that citron (C. medica), mandarin (C. reticulata) and pumelo (C. grandis) are the original species of the subgenus Citrus, which was congruent with the re-sults obtained by Barrett and Soost (1976), Potvin (1983) and Handa (1985).

Key words: Citrus, Fortunella, Poncirus, Numerical taxonomy