J Syst Evol ›› 2008, Vol. 46 ›› Issue (3): 263-273.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1002.2008.08060

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

An overview of the phylogeny and diversity of eukaryotes

Sandra L. BALDAUF*   

  1. (Department of Evolution, Genomics and Systematics, Evolutionary Biology Centre, University of Uppsala, Norbyvägen 18 D, Uppsala 75236, Sweden)sandra.baldauf@ebc.uu.se

  • Received:2008-04-22 Online:2008-05-05 Published:2008-05-18

Abstract:

Our understanding of eukaryote biology is dominated by the study of land plants, animals and fungi. However, these are only three isolated fragments of the full diversity of extant eukaryotes. The majority of eukaryotes, in terms of major taxa and probably also sheer numbers of cells, consists of exclusively or predominantly unicellular lineages. A surprising number of these lineages are poorly characterized. Nonetheless, they are fundamental to our understanding of eukaryote biology and the underlying forces that shaped it. This article consists of an overview of the current state of our understanding of the eukaryote tree. This includes the identity of the major groups of eukaryotes, some of their important, defining or simply interesting features and the proposed relationships of these groups to each other.

Key words: biodiversity, eukaryotes, molecular evolution, phylogeny, systematics, tree of life

[1] Patricia Barberá, Robert J. Soreng, Paul M. Peterson, Konstantin Romaschenko, Alejandro Quintanar, and Carlos Aedo. Molecular phylogenetic analysis resolves Trisetum (Poaceae: Pooideae: Koeleriinae) polyphyletic: Evidence for a new genus, Sibirotrisetum and resurrection of Acrospelion . J Syst Evol, 2020, 58(4): 517-526.
[2] Brent D. Mishler, Robert Guralnick, Pamela S. Soltis, Stephen A. Smith, Douglas E. Soltis, Narayani Barve, Julie M. Allen, and Shawn W. Laffan. Spatial phylogenetics of the North American flora . J Syst Evol, 2020, 58(4): 393-405.
[3] Jian-Jun Jin, Mei-Qing Yang, Peter W. Fritsch, Robin van Velzen, De-Zhu Li, and Ting-Shuang Yi. Born migrators: Historical biogeography of the cosmopolitan family Cannabaceae . J Syst Evol, 2020, 58(4): 461-473.
[4] Rong Li and Juan Yue. A phylogenetic perspective on the evolutionary processes of floristic assemblages within a biodiversity hotspot in eastern Asia . J Syst Evol, 2020, 58(4): 413-422.
[5] Jalil Noroozi, Atefeh Pirani, Hamid Moazzeni, Mohammad Mahmoodi, Golshan Zare, Alireza Noormohammadi, Michael H.J. Barfuss, Michael Suen, and Gerald M. Schneeweiss. The new locally endemic genus Yazdana (Caryophyllaceae) and patterns of endemism highlight the high conservation priority of the poorly studied Shirkuh Mountains (central Iran) . J Syst Evol, 2020, 58(3): 339-353.
[6] Umar Zeb, Wan-Lin Dong, Ting-Ting Zhang, Ruo-Nan Wang, Khurram Shahzad, Xiong-Feng Ma, and Zhong-Hu Li. Comparative plastid genomics of Pinus species: Insights into sequence variations and phylogenetic relationships . J Syst Evol, 2020, 58(2): 118-132.
[7] Bing Liu, Yun-Hong Tan, Su Liu, Richard G. Olmstead, Dao-Zhang Min, Zhi-Duan Chen, Nirmal Joshee, Brajesh N. Vaidya, Richard C. K. Chung, and Bo Li. Phylogenetic relationships of Cyrtandromoea and Wightia revisited: A new tribe in Phrymaceae and a new family in Lamiales . J Syst Evol, 2020, 58(1): 1-17.
[8] Santiago Martín‐Bravo, Pedro Jiménez‐Mejías, Tamara Villaverde, Marcial Escudero, Marlene Hahn, Daniel Spalink, Eric H. Roalson, Andrew L. Hipp, and the Global Carex Group (Carmen Benítez-Benítez, Leo P. Bruederle, Elisabeth Fitzek, Bruce A. Ford, Kerry A. Ford, Mira Garner, Sebastian Gebauer, Matthias H. Hoffmann, Xiao-Feng Jin, Isabel Larridon, Étienne Léveillé-Bourret, Yi-Fei Lu, Modesto Luceño, Enrique Maguilla, Jose Ignacio Márquez‐Corro, Mónica Míguez, Robert Naczi, Anton A. Reznicek, and Julian R. Starr). A tale of worldwide success: Behind the scenes of Carex (Cyperaceae) biogeography and diversification . J Syst Evol, 2019, 57(6): 695-718.
[9] Jose L. Villar, M. Ángeles Alonso, Ana Juan, John F. Gaskin, and Manuel B. Crespo. Out of the Middle East: New phylogenetic insights in the genus Tamarix (Tamaricaceae) . J Syst Evol, 2019, 57(5): 488-507.
[10] Shu-Li Wang, Lang Li, Xiu-Qin Ci, John G. Conran, and Jie Li. Taxonomic status and distribution of Mirabilis himalaica (Nyctaginaceae) . J Syst Evol, 2019, 57(5): 431-439.
[11] Santiago Andrés-Sánchez, G. Anthony Verboom, Mercè Galbany-Casals, and Nicola G. Bergh. Evolutionary history of the arid climate‐adapted Helichrysum (Asteraceae: Gnaphalieae): Cape origin and association between annual life‐history and low chromosome numbers . J Syst Evol, 2019, 57(5): 468-487.
[12] Qiu-Jie Zhou, Che-Wei Lin, Jin-Hong Dai, Ren-Chao Zhou, and Ying Liu. Exploring the generic delimitation of Phyllagathis and Bredia (Melastomataceae): A combined nuclear and chloroplast DNA analysis . J Syst Evol, 2019, 57(3): 256-267.
[13] Cong-Li Xu, Tao Su, Jian Huang, Yong-Jiang Huang, Shu-Feng Li, Yi-Shan Zhao, and Zhe-Kun Zhou. Occurrence of Christella (Thelypteridaceae) in Southwest China and its indications of the paleoenvironment of the Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau and adjacent areas . J Syst Evol, 2019, 57(2): 169-179.
[14] Hyoung Tae Kim, Jung Sung Kim, You Mi Lee, Jeong-Hwan Mun, and Joo-Hwan Kim. Molecular markers for phylogenetic applications derived from comparative plastome analysis of Prunus species . J Syst Evol, 2019, 57(1): 15-22.
[15] Wu-Qin Xu, Jocelyn Losh, Chuan Chen, Pan Li, Rui-Hong Wang, Yun-Peng Zhao, Ying-Xiong Qiu, Cheng-Xin Fu. Comparative genomics of figworts (Scrophularia, Scrophulariaceae), with implications for the evolution of Scrophularia and Lamiales . J Syst Evol, 2019, 57(1): 55-65.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
No Suggested Reading articles found!