Table of Contents
  • Volume 31 Issue 4

      
      Research Articles
    • Tang Ya
      1993, 31 (4): 297–308
      The systematic position of Paradombeya Stapf has been debated until now. The studies on gross morphology, anatomy, palynology and cytology were undertaken to confirm the systematic position and affinities of this genus. The combination of features, e. g., umbel-like cyme, 2-celled anther, presence of staminodes, staminal tube, 15 stamens, bifid cotyledons, wood anatomy, chromosome number of 2n=20, triporate, spiny and spheroidal pollen grains, suggests that the genus be better placed in the tribe Dombeyeaeof the Sterculiaceae.
    • Ning Jian-chang, Xi Yi-zhen, Zhang Yu-long
      1993, 31 (4): 318–328
      Pollen grains of 16 species of Microula Benth. and six species of three related genera were examined under LM and SEM, and four of them also under TEM. Pollen grains of Microula and three related genera are dumb-bell-shaped, 3-colporate apertures alternate with three pseudocolpi. Pollen grains are very small,ranging from 12.18 x 7.13 μm to 6.36 x 3.66μm. In general, colpi with os are wider and shorter, rhomboid, but sometimes they are equal to pseudocolpi in length. Colpus margins are regularly or irregularly tooth-like. The surface of colpi is psilate or processed. Ora are circular or lalongated in outline, protruded or not; surface of os membrane is smooth or scabrid. The exine is usually indistinctly layered under LM. The exine surface is psilate, and more or less perforate. TEM examination shows that the pollen wall is differentiated into exine and intine: the exine includes ectexine and endexine, while the ectexine consists of tectum, columellae and foot-layer. However, there are differences in constriction of equatorial area, apertural characters, ornamentation and exinous ultrastructure between these genera. Pollen morphology indicates that the genus Microula Benth. is primitive, directly related to the genus Actinocarya Benth .; the genus Asperugo L. Is more advanced. The genus Eritrichium Schrad. which has two ora or one os and is anisopolar, represents the most advanced group among them. Noteworthily, the diorate phenomenon is found for the first time not onlyin the genus but in the family Boraginaceae.
    • Fang De-qiu, Zhang Wen-cai, Xiao Shun-Yuan
      1993, 31 (4): 329–352
      The leaf or bark tissue extracts of 108 biotypes of Citrus and its five related genera were analyzed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis for isozymes of peroxidase, glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase, phosphoglucose isomerase, phosphoglucose mutase, superoxide dismutase, tetrazolium oxidase, NADP+- dependent malate dehydrogenase and esterase. The inter-or intra-generic differences of isozymograms were compared. Dissimilarities of the isozyme patterns among the samples were calculated by computer based on the UPGMA method to demonstrate the phylogenetic relationship of the biotypes. There are remarkable isozymogramatic differences among the six genera. Generally speaking, each genus possesses its own unique bands. Based on the cluster analysis, the total Citrus biotypes are classified into seven groups, i.e. Honghe papeda, Mauritius papeda, Pummelo, Ichang papeda, Citron, Lemon-lime and Mandarin-orange. Ichang papeda is suggested to be the third subgenus of the genus Citrus. The Fuming trifoliata orange is accepted as a new species of Poncirus-P. polyandra S. Q. Ding. It might be the evolutionary bridge between Poncirus and Citrus, and one of the “missing links” as suggested by W. T. Swingle. Microacrumen (small- fruited mandarin) is the primitive form of the mandarins. It seems better to consid er“ Horse-nose mandarin ”or “Xipigoushigan mandarin” as the typic mandarin originated in China. Euacrumen (large-fruited mandarin) might have arised through two ways. One is hybridization of Microacrumen and C. sinensis, and the other is just the variation of Microacrumen. Ancestors of some biotypes are inferred based on isozyme data. Fortunella obovata Tan. may be a hybrid of Fortunella and Citrus. C. unshiu Marc. arose from the nucellar mutation of“Huangyanbendiguangju mandarin”( C. nobilis Lour.) in Huangyan of Zhejiang Province. C. junos Sieb. came from hybridization of Ichang papeda and mandarin. C. grandis Osbeck and mandarin may have been involved in the origin of C. aurantium L.. C. limonia Osbeck may be a hybrid between C. medica L. and mandarin. The evolutionary trend of citrus fruit trees is proposed, anda tentative phylogenetic diagram is drawn.
    • Shao Jian-zhang, Zhang Ding-cheng, Yang Ji-gao, Yao Cai-hong, Qian Feng
      1993, 31 (4): 353–361
      The present paper reports the chromosome numbers and karyotypes of five species in Polygonatum from Anhui of China. The materials used in this work are listed in Table 1, Photomicrographs of somatic metaphase and karyograms of the five species of Polygonatum in Plate 1, 2, 3, the idiograms in Fig. 1-11 and a comparison of the karyotype of them is provided in Table 2. The results are shown as follows: 1. Polygonatum odoratum (Mill.)Druce Two materials were examined. One from Mt. Huangshan, Anhui, has 2n= 16 = 10m (3sc)+ 6sm (Plate 1 :A, B). The idiogram is shown in Fig. 1. The chromosomes range in length from 2.85 to 8.85 μm, with the total length 48.63μm and the ratio of the longest to the shortest 3.11, The karyotype belong to Stebbins’(1971) 2B. The two chromosomes of the first pair have arm ratios 1.01 and 1.29 respectively, and The first pair has one chromosome carrying a satellite attached to the short arm, showing heterozyosity .The chromosome num ber of 2n= 16 in P. odoratum and its karyotype are reported for the first time. The other from Langyashan, Chu - xian, Anhui, is found to have 2n = 18 = 10m (Isc)+2sm+6st(2sc) (Plate 1: C, D). The idiogram is shown in Fig. 2. The chromosomes range in length from 2.43 to 8.29μm, with the total length 46.67µm and the ratio of the longest to the shortest 3.41. The karyotype is also of 2B. In a somatic chromosome complement the 2nd pair have one chromosome carrying a satellite attached to the long arm, showing heterozygosity. 2. Polygonatum filipes Merr. Two materials were examined. One from the Huangshan, Anhui is found to have two cytotypes: 2n= 16 and 2n=22. This paper reports one of them. The karyotype formula is 2n=22=8m+8sm(2sc)+6st(Plate 3: Q, R). The idiogram is shown in Fig. 3. The chromosomes range in length from 2.55- 5.85μm, with the total length 45.01 μm and the ratio of the longest to the shortest 2.29. The karyotype belongs to 3B. The other material from the Fangchang, Anhui, is shown to have four cytitypes: 2n= 14, 2n= 16, 2n=20 (Plate 3: W) and 2n=22. This paper reports two of them. Type I: the karytype formula is 2n=14=10m+4sm (Plate 3: S, T). The idiogram is shown in Fig. 5. The chromosomes range in length from 2.59 to 7.61μm, the total length 37.44μm and the ratio of the longest to the shortest is 2.94. the karyotype belongs to 2B. Type II :The karyotype formula is 2n=16=8m+4sm+4st (Plate 3: U, V). The idiogram is shown in Fig. 4. The chromosomes range in length from 2.65 to 8.21 μm, the total length 46.01 μm and the ratio of the longest to the shortest 3.10. The karyotype belongs to 2B. The chromosome numbers of 2n=20, 2n= 14 and 2n=22, and karyotype of 2n= 14 and 2n=22 in P. filipes are reported for the first time. 3. Polygonatum cytonema Hua Two materials were examined. One from the Langyashan, Chuxian, anhui, is found to have 2n = 18 = 8m (2sc)+ 6sm+ 4st (Plate 2: K, L). The idiogram is shown in Fig. 7. The chromosomes range in length from 3.41 to 9.21 μm, the total length 56.34μm and the ratio of the longest to the shortest is 2.70. The karyotype belongs to 2B. The other material from the Huangshan, Anhui, has two cytotypes: 2n=20 and 2n= 22. Type I: The karyotype formula is 2n= 20= 8m+ 6sm+ 6st (Plate 2: M, N). The idiogram is shown in Fig. 8. The chromosomes range in length from 1.75 to 5.03μm, with the total length 32. 91μm and the ratio of the longest to the shortest 2. 87. The karyotype is also of 2B. Type II: The karyotype formula is 2n=22=6m+ 8sm+4st+ 4t (Plate 2: O, P ). The idiogram is Shown in Fig. 10. The chromosomes range in length from 1.75 to 4.95 μm, with total length 35.05μm and the ratio of the longest to the shortest 2.83. The karyotype brlongs to 3B. 4. Polygonatum desoulayi kom. The material from Xuancheng, Anhui, is found to have karyotype 2n = 22 = 10m (2sc) + 6sm (lsc) + 6st ( Plate 2. I, J). The idiogram is shown in Fig. 6. The chromosomes range in length from 1.86 to 5.61μm, with the total length 41.98μm and the ratio of the longest to the shortest 3.02. The karyotype is also of 3B. The first pair has one chromosome carrying a satellite attached to the long arm, showing heterozygosity. The chromosome number and karyotype of Chinese material are reported for the first time. 5. Polygonatum verticillatum (L.) All. The material from the Langyashan, Chuxian, Anhui is found to have two cytotypes. Type 1: the karyotype formula is 2n = 18 = 2m+ 2sm+ 10st+ 2t+ 2T (Plate 1: G, H). The idiogram is shown in Fig.9. The chromosomes range in length from 1.86 to 4.03μm, with total length 28.28μm and the ratio of the longest to the shortest 2.17. The karyotype classification belongs to 3B. Type II: The karyotype formula is 2n=24=6m+4sm+12st+2T (Plate 1: E, F). The idiogram is shown in Fig. II. The chromosomes range in length from 2.01 to 5.03μm, with total length 41.36μm and the ratio of longest to shortest 2.50. The karyotype is also of 3B. The chromosome numbers and karyotypes of Chinese material are reported for the first time.
    • Tseng Yung-chien
      1993, 31 (4): 362–367
      The genus, Ainsliaea DC. from China is revised in this paper. Three species, A. nana Y. C. Tseng, A. pingbianensis Y. G. Tseng and A. trinervis Y. C. Tseng, are newly described; two species, A. chapaensis Merr. and A. angustifolia Hook. f. et Thoms. ex C. B. Clarke are new records for China and two new combinations, A. apteroides (Chang) Y. C. Tseng and A. macrocephala (Mattf.) Y. C. Tseng, are made. In addition, one species, A. hypoleuca Diels ex Limpr. and four varieties, A. bonatii Beauverd var. arachnoidea Beauverd, A. pteropoda DC. var. leiophylla Franch., A. elegans Hemsl. var. tomentosa Mattf. and A. glabra Hemsl. var. tenuiculis (Mattf.)Chang, are reduced to synonyms.
    • Pu Fa-ting, He Xing-jin, Wang Ping-li, Wang You-ping, Liu Xin-tian
      1993, 31 (4): 368–373
      Three new species of the genus Heracleum L. (Umbelliferae) are described from Sichuan Province, China. They are H. wenchuanense; H.wolongense and H. xiaojinense.
    • Xu Jie-mei
      1993, 31 (4): 374–377
      This paper reports two new species of Allium L. from Sichuan, A. xiangchengense J. M. Xu and A.guanxianense J. M. Xu. The former is related to A. hookeri Thwaites, but differs from it by its lanceolate to linear-lanceolate leaves with evidently contracted base and filaments longer than the tepals, while the latter is related to A.chienchuanense J. M. Xu, but differs from it by its terminal scape, filaments shorter than the tepals and ovary with solitary ovule in eachlocule.
    • Ni Jing-man, Zhao Ru-neng, Wang Rui
      1993, 31 (4): 378–380
      Asparagus dolichorhizhomatus J.M.Ni et R.N. Zhao (Liliaceae) is des-cribed as new from Gansu Province, China.
    • Zhang Yan-min, Chen Xi-dian
      1993, 31 (4): 381–382
    • Zhu Hua, Wang Hong
      1993, 31 (4): 383–384
      Thid paper presebts an additional description of Polyathia litseifolia C. Y.Wu ex P. T. Li.
    • Lu Shu-gang
      1993, 31 (4): 385–391
      The genus Dryopteris of the Dryopteridaceae is one of the largest genera in pteridophytes, which contains about 300 species and is distributed throughout the world. There are about 200 species of this genus in China, of which at least 88 are present in Yunnan. In this paper, the author presents a classification synopsis of the genus Dryopteris. Subg. I Pycnopteris (T. Moore )Ching 1 species Subg. II. Dryopteris Sect. 1. Hirtipedes Fraser-Jenkins 19 species Sect. 2. Pandae Fraser-Jenkins 1 species Sect. 3. Fibrillosae Ching 18 species Sect. 4. Chrysocomae S. G. Lu 7 species Sect. 5. Caespitosae S.G.Lu 5 species Sect. 6. Pallidae Fraser- Jenkins 10 species Sect. 7. Marginatae Fraser-Jenkins 7 species Sect. 8. Splendentes Fraser- Jenkins 2 species Sect. 9. Purpurascentes Fraser- Jenkins 1 species Sect. 10. Nephrocystis H. I tô 3 species Subg. llI. Erythrovariae (H. I tô ) Fraser-Jenkins, emend. S.G. Lu Sect. 11. Erythrovariae 11 species Sect. 12. Variae Fraser- Jenkins 3 species A key to these groups is given and all the species are enumerated in the pres- ent paper.
Editors-in-Chief
Song Ge
Jun Wen
Impact Factor
2.779
JCR 2019 IF ranking: 56/234 (Plant Sciences, top 23.72%, Q1 quartile)
Journal Abbreviation: J Syst Evol
ISSN: 1674-4918 (Print)
1759-6831 (Online)
CN: 11-5779/Q
Frequency: Bi-monthly

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