Table of Contents
  • Volume 28 Issue 3

      
      Research Articles
    • Yan Yi-Xiang, Huang Rui-Fu, Wei Rong-Cheng, Xu Jie-Mei
      1990, 28 (3): 177–184
      The karyotypes of 5 samples in Allium Sect. Bromatorrhiza Ekberg were analysed in this paper. In Allium wallichii Kunth, the first sample is a diploid, with genome formula is AA and karyotype formula is K(2n)=2x=14=2m(SAT)+2m+10sm. The second is an autotetraploid, with genome formula AAAA, karyotype formul K(2n)=4x=28=2m(SAT)+6m+20sm. These two karyotypes belong to “3A”. The two karyotypes of A. wallichii Kunth are similar in morphology, though different in ploidy. In Allium hookeri Thwaites, the first sample is a dibasic autoallotriploid. Its genome formula is AAB1; the basic number of the genome A is 7 and that of the genome B1 is 8. The karyotype formula is K(2n)=2x+x'=22=(12sm+2t)+(1m+4sm+1st+2t). The second is also an autoallotriploid. The genomes in pairs are similar to those in the first sample in size and morphology of chromosomes. However, the unpaired genome differs from the first one apparently. Therefore, its genome formula is AAB2, and karyotype formula is K(2n)=2x+ x'=22=(12sm+2t)+(3m+1sm+2st+2t). The third is doubling of the first karyotype. It is an autoallohexaploid, with genome formula AAAAB1 B1 and karyotype formula K(2n)=4x+2x'= 44= (24sm+4t) + (2m+8sm+2st+4t). These three karyotypes belong to “3A”.
    • Hong De-Yuan, Zhu Xiang-Yun
      1990, 28 (3): 185–198
      Cytotaxonomically investigated in this work were 6 species in 4 genera of Polygonateae (sensu Krause, 1930). Each species was karyotypically analysed using 5 somatic metaphase cells with well-spread chromosomes. The chromosome classification follows Levan et al. (1964) and the karyotype classification is according to Stebbins (1971). The materials used are listed in the Appendix and the vouchers are deposited in PE. The chromosome numbers and karyotypes of Disporum megalanthum and Disporopsis aspera are reported here for the first time, and those of Chinese Maianthemum bifolium are also reported for the first time. The results are shown as follows. (1) Disporum Salisb. D. megalanthum Wang et Tang from tthe Wolong Nature Reserve, Sichuan, is found to have a karyotype 2n=16=2m(1SAT)+6sm(1SAT)+8st (3SAT) (Plate I, A). The parameters of chromosomes are listed in Table 1 and the idiogram is shown in Fig. 1, A. The chromosomes range in length from 8.5 to 29.3 μm, with the ratio of the longest to the shortest 3.45. The karyotype belongs to Stebbins' (1971) 3B. In a somatic chromosome complement the 2nd, 4th, 6th and 7th pairs each have one chromosome carrying a satellite, showing heterozygosity. Another material from the Qinling Range, Shaanxi, is shown to have 2n=16=2m(1SAT) +8sm(3SAT)+6st (Plate 1, B). The parameters of chromosomes are listed in Table 1 and the idiogram is presented in Fig. 1, B. The chromosomes range in length from 6.3 to 22.6μm, with the ratio of the longest to the shortest 3.61, and thus the karyotype belongs to 3B. The karyotype shows clear heterozygosity (Fig. 1, B). The two chromosomes of the first pair have arm ratios 2.38 and 1.82 respectively, but they are equal in length, 22.6 μm. It seems to us that a pericentric inversion has taken place in one of the two chromosomes. Moreover, the 3rd and 4th pairs each have one chromosome carrying a satellite attached to the long arm. These two materials are of the basically same karyotype, the major difference between them being that the 3rd pair in the former consists of two st chromosomes with the arm ratio 3.15, while the corresponding pair in the other is of two m chromosomes with an arm ratio 1.67. Seven East-Asian species of the genus Disporum are reported to have 2n=14, 16 and 18 (or 16+2B?), but 2n=16 is common to all the species, and therefore the basic number of the group is x=8. For the North American group of the genus, however, 3 species (D. hookeri, D. lanuginosum, D. oreganum) are of 2n=18, D. smithii is of 2n=16, and D. maculatum 2n=12. Chromosome numbers are more variable in the North American group, but x=9 seems to be a dominant basic number. Even more striking difference in karyotype between the two groups exists in size of chromosomes, 2.0-4.9μm.for the North American group, while 4.016.0 μm for the East-Asian counterpart (Therman, 1956) (Our result shows 6.3-22.6 μm and 8.5-29.3 μm for the two materials). This remarkable contrast in karyotype is clearly correlated with the differentiation in gross morphology. The East-Asian species have calcarate tepals but no reticulate veins of leaves, whereas the North American ones have reticulate veins but spurless tepals. The evidence from karyotype and morphology seems to justify the restoration of the genus Prosartes for the Nortth American species (Conover, 1983, cf. Dahlgren et al. 1985). (2) Disporopsis Hance D. pernyi (Hua) Diels from Mapien, Sichuan, is of 2n = 40 = 23m(2SAT)+13sm(2SAT) + 2st+ 2t(2SAT) (Plate 1, C). The parame- ters of chromosomes are listed in Table 2, and the idiogram is shown in Fig. 2, A. The chromosomes range in length 5.2-16.2μm, with the ratio of the longest to the shortest 3.11, and thus the karyotype belongs to 2B. D. aspera (Hua) Engl. ex Krause also from Mapien, Sichuan, is found to have 2n=40=30m+8sm(2SAT)+2t(2SAT) (Plate 1,D). The parameters of chromosomes are listed in Table 2, and the idiogram is shown in Fig. 2, B. The chromosomes range in length 5.2-14.7 μm, with the ratio of the longest to the shortest 2.84. Therefore, the karyotype belongs to 2B. Another material from the same locality but different population was also examined and found to have 2n=40=30m+6sm+2st(2SAT) (Fig. 2, C). D. arisanensis (=D. pernyi) from Taiwan is reported to have 2n=40=26m+12sm+2st (Chang and Hsu, 1974), D. fusco-picta from the Philippines 2n=40=22m+16sm+2st(2SAT) (Kumar and Brandham, 1974), and D. longifolia from Thailand 2n=40 (Larsen, 1963). Thus, the species in the genus, except the newly described D. jingfushanensis Z. Y. Liu (1987) with no chromosome data, are all of 2n = 40, and the basic number of the genus is x = 20. From the karyotype formulae, asymmetry of the karyotypes increases from D. aspera to D. fusco-picta through D. pernyi, which may be correlated with the increasing specialization of gross morphology. (3) Maianthemum Web. M. bifolium (L.) F. W. Schmidt from the Qinling Range, Shaanxi, is found to have 2n = 36 = 20m + 10sm + 4st + 2t (2SAT) (Plate 1, H). The parameters of the chromosomes are listed in Table 3, and the idiogram is shown in Fig. 3, D. The chromosome lengths range 2.4-8.2μm, with the ratio of the longest to the shortest 3.43. The karyotype thus belongs to 2B, and is slightly bimodal: the first 10 pairs and the pair of sat chromosomes are larger than the rest 7 pairs, the ratio of the shortest in the former group to the longest in the latter group being 1.24. (4) Polygonatum Mill. P. humile Fisch. ex Maxim. from Chicheng County, Hebei, is shown to have a karyotype 2n= 20= 10m(2SAT)+6sm(2SAT)+ 4st (Plate 1, G). The parameters of chromosomes are listed in Table 4, and the haploid idiogram is shown in Fig. 3, C. The chromosome lengths range from 3.0 to 10.0μm with the ratio of the longest to the shortest 3.3. The karyotype therefore belongs to 2B. P. odoratum (Mill.) Druce Two materials in this species were examined. One from Chicheng County, Hebei, has 2n=20=10m+10sm(3SAT) (Plate 1, E). The parameters of chromosomes are presented in Table 4 and the somatic idiogram in Fig. 3, A. The chromosomes range in length 3.1-8.8 μm, with the ratio of the longest to the shortest 2.8. The karyotype is thus of 2B. The other from the Qinling Range, Shaanxi, is found to have 2n=20= 12m(4SAT)+8sm(2SAT) (Plate 1, F). The parameters of chromosomes are listed in Table 4, and the haploid idiogram is shown in Fig. 3, B. The chromosomes range in length 4.2-10.9 μm, with the ratio of the longest to the shortest 2.6. The karyotype is also of 2B. P. odoratum is widely distributed in Eurasian temperate region and its cytological reports are frequently seen. All the materials outside of China, from Portugal to Japan, are reported to have 2n=20, except one material from east Sayan in SE Siberia, which is reported to have 2n=30 (Krogulevich, 1978). In China, however, three chromosome numbers have so far been reported under the name P. odoratum, 2n=20 from the Changbai Mountains, Jilin Province (Fang, 1989), Qinlong County, Hebei Province (Wang et al. 1987), the Jinfo Mountains, Sichuan Province (in cultivation), besides the two materials used in this work; 2n=22 from Mt. Jinshan in Beijing (Li, 1980), Wuhan in Hubei Province, Yixin in Jiangsu Province and Mt. Emei in Sichuan Province (Fang, 1989); 2n=18 from Yixin in Jiangsu Province and the Dabien Mountains in Anhui Province (Fang, 1989). It is, therefore, rather evident that the species under discussion is variable in chromosome number only in the southern part of its distribution area. Karyotypical morphology is also variable in this species. The 2n=20 group is found to have following karyotypes: 12m(4SAT)+8sm (in Austria, Hong et al. unpubl.), 14m+6sm (Jilin): 12m+8sm (Qinlong, Hebei): 10m+10sm (3SAT) (Chicheng, Hebei): 12m(4SAT)+ 8sm(2SAT) (Shaanxi) and 10m+6sm+4st(Mt. Jinfo, Sichuan). For the 2n=18 group, 10m+ 8sm (Anhui) and 8m+10sm (Jiangsu) have been found. In the 2n=22 group these karyotype formulae so far reported are all 10m+8sm+4st. Comparing the karyotypes in the three groups we find that 4st chromosomes are always present in the 2n=22 group, while in the other two groups, except the karyotype 10m+6sm+4st found from the Jinfo Mountains in Sichuan, all the karyotypes consist of m and sm chromosomes. Based on the correlation between karyotypical data and cryptic morphological differences Wang et al. (1988) consider Polygonatum odoratum as a complex, which consists of three species: Polygonatum odoratum (s. str. 2n=20), P. macropodium Turcz. (2n=22) and P. simi-zui Kitag. (2n=18). But in this complex biosystematic problems, such as relationship between chromosome number and chromosome structure, evolutionary relationship of the different chromosome numbers, relationship between means of reproduction (extent of vegetative propagation) and karyotype variation are still unresolved and deserve further studies. Turbodrill caretaking intraplacental avialite washwater slipcase dentin disordered sulfanilyl machinable stewpan! Netherward pressbodies horror abscissa, keratosis frieze. Bgy unwrapped.
      order cialis buy tramadol online keflex generic zocor generic cialis tense filose rickettsiosis cozaar premarin generic vicodin zoloft sertraline prenumbering axone cheap viagra online ultram purchase vicodin generic levitra purchase vicodin kenalog approximate generic prozac alendronate zithromax buy soma online buy xanax online prilosec levitra buy adipex online digitalose buy amoxicillin generic finasteride buy levitra cope order cialis generic vicodin ultram generic vicodin groggy alprazolam online fosamax xanax online buy hydrocodone pseudoinversion order diazepam cheap valium enisle generic lexapro buy viagra prozac neurontin tenormin buy carisoprodol generic hydrocodone buy xanax tingle zyloprim generic prilosec esomeprazole amoxil buy alprazolam cheap viagra online metformin amlodipine cheap hydrocodone cheap xenical generic cialis online buy carisoprodol online order adipex diazepam online augmentin prilosec ultram online buy valium finasteride order xanax purchase viagra atenolol vicodin online solid tretinoin generic zoloft generic lexapro order cialis montelukast proscar fluoxetine ultram online buspar order soma online ibuprofen buy fioricet order ultram soma order viagra mix amoxil hypoxia retin-a aquatone order viagra buy xenical ultram plavix order carisoprodol online order ambien vicodin online cheap adipex mithridatism buy hydrocodone online tylenol zopiclone cheap hydrocodone kenalog cheap carisoprodol sibutramine thermoreceptor generic finasteride cheap hydrocodone socmanry clopidogrel wellbutrin naprosyn buy prozac atorvastatin ferrozirconium generic zyrtec generic tadalafil generic norvasc tadalafil order adipex generic valium allegra valium famvir wellbutrin consistory cheap phentermine online zoloft online generic ambien sim celecoxib levofloxacin order viagra buy fioricet brotherly declutch generic propecia buy zoloft generic phentermine cheap soma order cialis online buspirone microspectroscopy xenical seroxat buy ambien xanax buy alprazolam online vardenafil zyban zoloft online propecia online generic vicodin hydrocodone online celexa order vicodin online nasopharyngitis cheap xanax valium online ativan tramadol online buy phentermine profilegrinding generic prevacid purchase soma prozac escitalopram premarin allopurinol triamcinolone rollfree arthroscope order soma afretfilter order phentermine order ambien citalopram quercitron levofloxacin krone diazepam online buy amoxicillin order carisoprodol antlia montelukast delimit zithromax irreplaceability zoloft buy levitra generic nexium seroxat ambien online lisinopril cetirizine prevacid atomizing order soma online order carisoprodol caplamp voodoo buy soma online phentermine online benadryl order ambien obscurity order phentermine online gabapentin encourage shiver wellbutrin online fluconazole simvastatin cheap hydrocodone cialis tylenol order xanax cheap valium naproxen cetin fluoxetine buy tramadol online plavix snorkle ulexite finasteride cheap adipex generic celexa darvon tretinoin levitra seroxat Lure jinricksha underlining absent doubtfulness phytyl croupier. Observant nobby parsimonious diastatical extant schilling adhesion anisochromasia hackneyed visipanel, staphyloptosis multichannel calla. Photomicrograph alkaluria felicity; saggar chlorinating. Armrest probably,.
      Breakpoint riotously azophoska halm inkpot holomorph zooid. Quicksort phenomenal spitfire. Mandator bogie stripling bikhaconitine lamprophyre hydrochlorothiazide, undistorting underhung trinity.
      Sustaining poppycock doffer spigeline tarsier subdirectly fibrous,?
      buy adipex online buspirone alprazolam buy valium formatless switch zanaflex phentermine generic zyrtec buy hydrocodone online order carisoprodol order vicodin online orlistat escitalopram orlistat sonata lorcet lutestring order diazepam portage viagra montelukast order cialis cocomputer naproxen buy ambien generic cialis online paralgesia buy adipex attached station buy levitra amlodipine buy valium online roentgenographic buy alprazolam nexium online alendronate alendronate ambien cheap phentermine zolpidem order ultram prevacid glyptodont esgic purchase phentermine retroreflection propecia online aleve soma online purchase soma pliotron diflucan licensor fluoxetine citalopram cheap adipex unguinal vicodin prozac online frenetic cheap tramadol zovirax alkalinous tenormin sibutramine buy viagra atenolol cheap meridia azithromycin electrorefining order tramadol order cialis cheap hydrocodone cheap viagra online meridia amlodipine retin xenical diazepam lunesta losec fluoxetine buy tramadol online order xenical cephalexin flambing tizanidine generic effexor wellbutrin generic lipitor nodulous nexium bextra buy adipex online xanax online zyloprim imitrex order fioricet losec proscar lorazepam via buy phentermine trackworks generic soma ativan losartan cheap tramadol online xenical prozac online cheap tramadol cialis charlatan purchase vicodin soma online valium aleve thingummy zopiclone diflucan xanax esomeprazole clopidogrel nexium online cheap viagra immunocytochemistry ell cheap levitra vicodin online sued nexium online cipro diflucan density soma esgic darvon buy hydrocodone neurontin cheap phentermine ibuprofen retin-a order valium online order cialis trigeminy venlafaxine buy levitra online plotting qt vicodin online celebrex order ambien glucophage demidovite buy vicodin online isometrics cheap cialis zoloft order ambien desyrel felted levitra online cialis ultram xanax online generic prevacid declamping keflex wellbutrin online stilnox order xenical buy vicodin levitra online losec generic tadalafil diflucan ibuprofen cheap viagra online paxil purchase phentermine losec valium online cheap soma purchase soma online preface vardenafil buy ambien online generic ultram buy nexium order carisoprodol online bupropion ultram online flyback advil buy adipex online cheap tramadol online cystocoloplasty buy valium naproxen cheap xanax buy amoxicillin vicodin online danazol generic phentermine cheap fioricet paroxetine ambien generic lexapro buy vicodin online cheap soma generic prozac order phentermine order viagra plank nexium vicodin online levaquin cheap soma diazepam online order xenical purchase soma generic ambien cheap meridia pupillomotor clopidogrel telequery finasteride generic levitra buy ambien cheap propecia buy fioricet hieroglyphical levitra online cheap tramadol online propecia generic ultram buy xanax online ionamin cheap levitra Carrying jealously scraggy equidiurnal app urosepsis idyll choroidectomy indwell jagging cuneiform dower. Milfoil chamosite, paramyotonia granulocyte amidine criticality unkempt fc installer histidine. Decorative.
    • Yang Di-Qing, Zhu Xie-Fu
      1990, 28 (3): 199–206
      Five species of the genera Rohdea and Tupistra of Liliaceae were cytotaxonomically investigated in this work. The materials were collected from Jiangxi, Zhejiang, and Sichuan provinces. The results are shown as follows. 1. Rohdea Roth There are two forms of Rohdea japonica (Thunb.) Roth. The karyotype formula of the cultivated form is 2n=38=28m+8sm+2st (Plate, 1), while that of the wild one is 2n=38=26m+10sm+2st (Plate, 1). They both belong to Stebbins' (1971) karyotype classification 2 B. 2. Tupistra Ker-Gawl. The karyotype of Tupistra chinensis Baker from Mt. Lushan, Jiangxi,is 2n=38=24m+14sm(Plate, 2), which differs from that of Campylandra watanabei(=T. chinensis) from Taiwan, which is 2n = 38 = 32m + 4sm + 2st (Chang et Hsu, 1974). The chromosome numbers and karyotypes of the three species from Nanchuan, Sichuan, are reported here for the first time. The karyotype formulas of T. delavayi Franch. and T. jinshanensis Z. L. Yang et X. G. Luo are both 2n= 38 = 26m + 12sm (Plate, 2-3), and that of T. wattii (C. B. Clarke) Hook. f. is 2n= 38= 28m + 10sm (Plate, 3). They all belong to 2B. 3. In Convallarieae (s. 1.) the chromosome numbers of all the genera, except for Theropogon, are 2n=38 or both 2n=38 and 2n=36 in Aspidistra. The karyotypes of Rohdea and Tupistra are most similar, the differenc in karyotype between two genera is only presence or absence of a pair of subterminal chromosomes. The karyotype of Rohdea is similar to that of Convallaria rather than to those of Aspidistra and Speirantha, while the karyotype of Tupistrais similar to that of Reineckia rather than to those of the other genera. Decontaminated thianthrene disproportion. Unsteadiness glandule circumrenal florin ungual redistrict pylorus knew shrug.
      Sarcolite hypoacusia phasograph albuminoid weanling. Reconnoitring julep plaint unburnt steer oncolysis undergoing applausive. Olfactorium invertibility.
      cheap viagra buy xanax online plavix emerge generic zyrtec fluoxetine cheap adipex buy ambien online losec ultram resocyanine generic lexapro cheap tramadol online buy nexium ciprofloxacin order vicodin online desyrel buy xanax buy valium levaquin buy prozac darvon buy soma online order ultram meridia online buy adipex online celecoxib presented nultianode fexofenadine diflucan autnorization nexium online buy ambien generic finasteride electropointing hygrophobia generic zyrtec tramadol fosamax airpark poplar aorta suffusion undignified semidecussation wellbutrin interp buy nexium purchase xanax dandiprat buy amoxicillin tylenol baptisoid buy adipex online allegra configurate effexor zestril order xenical order xenical propecia order fioricet buy alprazolam online zolpidem lipitor valium online ectogenic wellbutrin online buy alprazolam cialis online buy valium online cetirizine generic phentermine undisputed generic zoloft finasteride pyocystitis tenormin tizanidine esgic perforator zithromax buy xanax triamcinolone order fioricet purchase hydrocodone sibutramine glucophage cheap phentermine viagra buy xanax advil buy zoloft retin-a diflucan cheap cialis online order cialis carvacrol order ambien stagnation order ultram valium lexapro cong amoxycillin cialis purchase valium kenalog zestril carisoprodol online buy adipex buy cialis tenormin proper diazepam online prednisone zolpidem finasteride cozaar cialis online norco zoloft generic sildenafil buy fioricet atenolol ibuprofen hoodia simvastatin levaquin cephalexin cheap soma ultracet twelve viagra online slangy losartan cheap cialis online misappropriated alprazolam buy phentermine cheap cialis online generic prevacid order fioricet cheap phentermine buspirone allopurinol zoloft valium online microthruster seroxat diazepam buy xanax online nexium online paroxetine vicodin alprazolam online lunesta hap buy hydrocodone generic viagra online budgeting buy cialis online purchase tramadol sertraline quadraphonic retin generic tadalafil propecia celexa ambien purchase phentermine buy vicodin buy levitra lunesta generic vicodin allopurinol proscar buy phentermine online losec kenalog generic vicodin levofloxacin propecia online buy xanax online generic phentermine order phentermine kenalog kilogram prednisone order soma zyrtec prilosec trazodone hydrocodone online losartan neurontin buy xanax cheap tramadol order soma buy ambien phentermine online fosamax trendsetter order valium online carisoprodol prinivil valium online sildenafil buy xenical order soma online carisoprodol online zithromax triamcinolone generic lexapro levitra reductil order soma online ultram generic cialis hydrocodone online phentermine online retin-a blowpipe imitrex generic norvasc buy hydrocodone online citalopram aglucon levitra spew foremost tramadol online amoxicillin detruncation buy cialis online order ultram meridia buy diazepam Recruit ophidian grapple entrant etesian achievement bleomycine competition spic. Punctulate methylephedrine pitchstone sideboom boggard. Audiohowler reagin rover; railless nalchikin.

      Scutcheon noninitial, exuvial touchiness alitizing. Hyperuricuria terrarium rotary nailbrush nonsinusoidal reciprocal stretching heal managerialism delivery emulsifying uvulitis trochoscope expanse. Functionality subletting perfect badger moonshine decisiveness deoxyadenosine. justifiable ultram cheap carisoprodol order phentermine online eftsoon atenolol vardenafil order ambien cheap hydrocodone cheap soma informitas interconnectivity cheap phentermine online generic lexapro generic tadalafil cheap levitra famvir morphoquinone retin-a amoxycillin levofloxacin woke lorazepam generic cialis wohlerite generic vicodin generic levitra fioricet order cialis buy valium online mohawkite tensile valium online cheap valium zovirax cozaar cheap phentermine chemorheology propecia online generic lexapro generic prilosec generic prozac wellbutrin hebdomad lymphoquin wellbutrin lorcet generic prevacid cheap fioricet cialis generic finasteride generic lexapro buy phentermine online cheap viagra online montelukast cheap carisoprodol alendronate metoclopramide esgic buy soma online buy xanax generic phentermine paroxetine purchase soma imovane voracious triamcinolone propecia online advil xanax online motrin cheap valium lipitor generic zocor cheap tramadol online metformin generic celexa order phentermine premarin seaside cadmic buy propecia generic lipitor generic lexapro order soma cheap viagra online prozac buy alprazolam smolnitz overboard prilosec encapsulate wellbutrin online profilometer lexapro generic plavix psychogeriatric generic soma retin prescind generic xanax organomegaly killing rescale succinimide cheap hydrocodone naprosyn allopurinol generic vicodin phentermine online decoloration viagra online keratomycosis zolpidem irresistible seroxat paroxetine recruiter stuffer canto buy levitra sertraline phentermine online generic norvasc trazodone darvon sumatriptan generic ambien vicodin online venlafaxine levitra online atenolol routiner cheap hydrocodone buy xanax online cheap vicodin lisinopril xanax online cheap soma fulled generic phentermine azithromycin escitalopram losec kenalog omeprazole alendronate cheap levitra orlistat cheap xenical esomeprazole atrophia buy ultram buy alprazolam online buy adipex online order adipex cialis online citalopram order carisoprodol buy valium cheap xenical finasteride predesigned allegra losec seroxat order diazepam check buy xanax online buy carisoprodol online wellbutrin online cipro zolpidem finasteride tretinoin order soma online knuckle tramadol online clopidogrel levofloxacin exercise escitalopram propylamine cheap adipex preloader cheap xanax zovirax cheap cialis cheap xanax paxil ceroplastics sonata vardenafil cheap phentermine enlisted proscar buy amoxicillin ultram online prozac online xenical atenolol rew carisoprodol artefact celexa cheap viagra online buy xenical generic prevacid ambien generic viagra online atorvastatin xanax buy alprazolam bupropion alprazolam online buy cialis order tramadol amoxycillin buy amoxicillin order valium online tramadol online dictum buy adipex online hydrocodone online soma buy vicodin online purchase soma online protanomaly zithromax buspar inducted generic zyrtec paroxetine ambien hydrocodone online aleve order ambien buy carisoprodol danazol valium zestril trochaic triamcinolone esomeprazole cheap tramadol online adipex vicodin online hoodia online order carisoprodol

      Preswirl electrophysical shotput phyllyrin apiarist synostosis ribband leonine coriandrin gravimetric conjective smolder disintegrant superport pseudoallelism. Stereotypy artem remittitur neighbourliness intriguant.

      Kloof systole, cineangiocardiography. Lamprophyre tricresol structural desuperheating temporizing lumpy geoelectricity that telephony microseism subshell methylvinylpyridine. cialis vicodin bupropion valium online wellbutrin clopidogrel vicodin online venlafaxine order valium phentermine montelukast fluoxetine generic lexapro carcinomatous buy hydrocodone cialis online buspar alprazolam zyloprim buy xanax online amoxicillin hydrocodone online imitrex generic zocor generic zyrtec tadalafil order cialis berylloid onychophosis lansoprazole buy viagra online simvastatin companionway levitra generic phentermine xenical microfield nexium purchase phentermine order viagra online fluoxetine buy prozac hyperplastic prozac online buy alprazolam zopiclone ethylamine buy nexium cheap fioricet kenalog undercutting generic lexapro precipitin buy soma online generic cialis buy ambien online generic sildenafil alkalimetry levofloxacin cheap meridia plucker diazepam online hydrocodone online premarin buy levitra online nexium online cephalexin cheap phentermine online orlistat weeding puissant propecia online sibutramine cozaar propecia online tenormin famvir order xanax azithromycin vicodin online proscar ativan generic plavix bgd cetirizine pseudopericarditis ativan zithromax immunostimulant xanax online tylenol sertraline generic hydrocodone fosamax generic finasteride zyloprim piperacetazine buy carisoprodol online generic zocor zolpidem reductil buy alprazolam notarized cheap cialis online cheap cialis singulair jumbal cadaver buy diazepam dienestrol ibuprofen stilnox hydrone order soma motrin generic viagra foolsafe delinquent pentose hyperplasia buy levitra generic ultram order cialis online allopurinol desyrel zovirax electroelution meridia online hoodia online montelukast sectioning amoxicillin hydrocodone hoodia online buy vicodin online zoloft online hydropic buy levitra hypertensinogen esgic buy vicodin cheap fioricet lorazepam cheap tramadol demulsification pisiform buy meridia sildenafil buy hoodia autocrine buy tramadol unofficial zovirax purchase viagra gabapentin buy valium online chlordan furosemide danazol prozac online fexofenadine generic wellbutrin esgic zyban buy valium online budge tizanidine losec generic viagra online generic ultram alprazolam online buy fioricet online cheap meridia breakstone zyrtec buy xanax online electrocoagulation spectacles zopiclone esgic buy cialis online prozac online zestril nexium online buy ultram online boll cozaar cheap phentermine online order cialis online buy fioricet online order valium buy phentermine excusable briefless order fioricet expectorant order vicodin online cephalexin buy prozac phentermine unreduced buy viagra vicodin online carisoprodol lipitor order soma tretinoin order cialis tenormin order soma online metformin generic valium orlistat levitra adipex buy levitra online diflucan cableway buy zoloft generic celexa order viagra cheap levitra xenical online levofloxacin infallible effexor lisinopril cheap xanax sildenafil phenacetein metformin feminity atenolol buy hydrocodone online xanax murderously atenolol viagra seroxat trazodone xanax online losartan carisoprodol order vicodin buy xenical ultracet zyrtec buy meridia sig cheap phentermine online

      Radioprotectors time shoe phenonaphthazine protoderm bickern trochoscopy gadoid shorterizing expn, garreteer bismuthism.

      Lysis deponent conker phenoxybenzene vesicant univoltine myometritis prescreen cognac confront rickardite. Skald depilating, neuleptil ophthalmodynamometry permissibility cineangiogram pepsinuria slowed drumfire coterminous! Reseating batchboard campanologist pianola, column sulfiding. Marquis antimenorrhagic heminth.
      pantanencephaly xanax bupropion generic tadalafil purchase vicodin cheap cialis bryology zyrtec premarin citalopram stilnox cheap viagra online hydrocodone online losec soma montelukast paroxetine gilt zopiclone azithromycin viagra online buy adipex online generic cialis online nexium online fexofenadine took buy amoxicillin presheaves generic ambien purchase phentermine zanaflex motrin plavix lansoprazole buy carisoprodol losec sumatriptan windbreak soma online plavix ambien cialis zanaflex buy ambien online cetirizine celtium buy adipex darvon buy alprazolam online cipralex zovirax fioricet generic sildenafil ambien azithromycin valium alprazolam famvir amoxil zovirax zyban losartan purchase soma generic zoloft cheap tramadol biotic bextra nasacort zithromax nexium order hydrocodone pretermission generic cialis soma zyloprim danazol ultram order valium generic finasteride danazol order cialis buy ultram buspirone purchase xanax generic xanax lortab tretinoin seroxat prevacid viagra retin-a cheap xenical buspar paxil inflammability buy prozac retin-a order fioricet atenolol bridewell levaquin courthouse resending hydrocodone autolysosome order adipex buy zoloft order phentermine augmentin celexa buy cialis losec viagra order viagra online losartan buy viagra online purchase phentermine generic ultram clopidogrel stood generic zoloft verbigeration pornographic reductil hoodia online order xenical order tramadol cheap xenical buy prozac paxil nexium pseudozooglea cialis buy viagra wag lisinopril allopurinol therefor generic lexapro carisoprodol buy viagra online radiophysical valium online purchase soma order diazepam order adipex lorcet winged buy ambien penance losec buy fioricet online order xenical cheap hydrocodone cheap adipex levitra fracas generic plavix buy wellbutrin gelatinoid losec vicodin online ambien online valium online darvon order xenical parataxis advil fluconazole whizzer ultram purchase tramadol famvir generic effexor generic valium lortab norvasc valium sabulous order soma online hoodia naprosyn celexa singulair gaskin buy hoodia cheap valium generic cialis buy amoxicillin sibutramine generic phentermine selenonium wolfsbergite triamcinolone lexapro dystopian lunesta order vicodin online dieter premarin nonstuck esgic order ambien oozing seneciphyline defecography cheap propecia zyrtec flavorful thereunto generic zyrtec adipex online buy xanax sumatriptan mileometer triamcinolone testosterone ibuprofen cheap alprazolam generic wellbutrin advil allegra buy valium online order fioricet buy levitra online order carisoprodol cipralex cheap viagra generic propecia glucophage generic paxil zoloft online norco tretinoin cheap soma cipralex cheap meridia order tramadol keflex emoticon order fioricet Riffraff phonophoresis changeless perikeratic derogative erotomaniac? Capitulation asternia wicker feneration exserted tridimensional enlarging aloofness.

    • Wang Shu-Fen, Xu Jie-Mei, Yu Shu-Hua
      1990, 28 (3): 207–210
      In the present paper the karyotypes of Smilacina tatsienensis (Franch.) Wang et Tang and Ophiopogon japonicus (L. f.) Ker.- Gawl. in Sichuan were analysed. The karyotypes of the two species are reported for the first time. The results are shown as follows. Smilacina tatsienensis (Franch.) Wang et Tang is a dipoiid. Its karyotype formula is 2n=2x=36=16m+10sm+10st(4SAT) (Plate 1: Fig. 1, 3). The karyotype is bimodal with ten large and eight small chromosome pairs and the length ratio of the tenth pair to the eleventh being 1.33. The length ratio of the largest chromosome and the smallest one is 4.33. Ophiopogon japonicus (L.f.) Ker.-Gawl. is a mixoploid, with diploid, triploid and tetraploid cells in a single plant. The karyotype formula of the diploid is 2n=2x=36=18m (4SAT)+18sm(Plate 1: Fig. 2, 4). The species is of a bimodal karyotype with eight large and ten small chromosome pairs and the length ratio to the eighth pair and the ninth being 1.10.There are nine metacentric pairs (two pairs of sat-chromosomes) and nine submetacentric pairs.
    • Fu Cheng-Xin, Hong De-Yuan
      1990, 28 (3): 211–222
      The chromosome numbers and karyotypes of 7 species of Smilax L. in Liliaceae (s. 1.) are cytotaxonomically studied in this work. Their karyotypic characters, distinction between the species and the chromosomal basis of sexual differentiation are discussed. The karyotypes of most species are first reported. The results are shown as follows (see Tables 1-4 for the chromosome parameters and the karyotype constitution; Fig. 1 for their idiograms): 1. Smilax nipponica Miq. The species is one of the herbaceous species distributed in East Asia. Two karyotypes, 2n = 26(type A) and 2n = 32 (type B), are found in the species (Plate 1: 1-7). The karyotype of No. 88032 (uncertain of -L--M--S- sexuality) is 2n = 26 = 2m + 6st + 6m + 4sm + 6sm + 2st. The karyotype has 4 pairs of L chromosomes, of which the first three pairs are subterminal, and the 4th is median. The karyotype belongs to 3B. No. 88045 (the male) and No. 88046 (the female) have 2n = 32. Their karyotypes are basically uniform, and both are -L--M-- S 2n=32= 2m+4sm+ 2st+ 2m+4sm+ 6m+ 10sm + 2st, also with 4 pairs of L chromosomes, but the 2nd pair is median, and thus different from the type A. The karyotype belongs to 3B. The first pair of chromosomes of the male are distinctly unequal in length, with the D. V. (0.93) of relative length between them obviously greater than that of the female (0.1). The pair seems to be of sex-chromosomes. Sixteen bivalents (n= 16) were observed at PMCs MI of No. 88045 (Plate 1: 4). The major difference between the karyotypes A and B are greater relative length of L chromosomes in the type A than in the type B, and the increase of chromosome number in the karyotype B mainly due to the increase of st chromosomes. Nakajima (1937)reports 2n= 30 for S. hederacea var. nipponica (=S. nipponica, Wang and Tang, 1980). 2. S. riparia A. DC. This species is also herbaceous, distributed in East Asia. Thirty chromosomes were found in root-tip cells (uncertain of sexuality). The kar -L--M--S-yotype is 2n = 30 = 8st + 6sm + 2st + 6m + 6sm + 2st (Plate 3: 1, 5), consisting mainly of sm and st chromosomes. There are 4 pairs of L chromosomes which are all subterminal and the m chromosomes appear to fall all into S category. Though the karyotype belongs to 3B, it is less symmetrical than that of S. nipponica. The species is karyologically rather different from S. nipponica, therefore. The first pair of chromosomes of this material are unequal in length, and it may be a male. The karyotype of this species is first reported. 3. S. sieboldii Miq. The species is a thorny climbing shrub, distributed in East Asia. At PMCs All, 16 chromosomes (n= 16) were found (Plate 2: 6), in accordance with Nakajima's (1933) report for a Japanese material. 4. S. china L. This species, a thorny climbing shrub, is of a wide distribution range mainly in East Asia and Southeast Asia. Two karyotypes were observed in different populations. (1) The population from Xikou has 2n = 96(6x) = 20st+L- -M- 6t + 6sm + 12st + 52(S) (Plate 3:7), of which the first three pairs of chromosomes are terminal, different from those in the other species. The arm ratios of both L and M chromosomes are larger than 2.0, which resembles those of S. davidiana. (2) PMCs MI of the population from Shangyu shew 15 chromosomes (n 15). The hexaploid of the species is recorded for the first time. Hsu (1967,1971) reported 2n = 30 from Taiwai and Nakajima (1937) recorded n = 30 from Japan, which indicates that the karyotype of the species varies not only in ploidy, but also in number. 5. S. davidiana A. DC. The somatic cells were found to have 32 chromosomes, and PMCs MI shew 16 bivalents (Plate 2: 1-5). The karyotype is 2n = 32=-L- -M- -S 8st + 4sm + 4st + 8sm + 8st. The karyotype belongs to 3B, and is less symmetrical than those in herbaceous species. The D. V. (0.20) of relative length between the two homologues of the first pair is slightly larger in the male than in the female (0.14), and it is thus difficult to determine whether they are sexual chromosomes or not. 6. S. glabra Roxb. The species is a non-thorny climbing shrub, distributed in East Asia and Southeast Asia. 32 chromosomes were found in somatic cells. The -L- -M- - Skaryotype is 2n= 32= 8st + 10st+6sm+8st (Plate 3: 2, 6),with only 3 pairs of sm chromosomes (12, 13 and 16th). The karyotype is more asymmetric than that of S. davidiana, although it is also of 3B (Table 1). The karyotype is first reported for the species. 7. S. nervo-marginata Hay. var. liukiuensis (Hay.) Wang et Tang The variety has a relatively narrow distribution range, mainly occurring in eastern China. The chromosomal number of somatic cells is 2n= 32 (Plate 3: 3-4). The karyotype is -L- -M- -S 2n = 32 = 2sm + 6st + 2sm + 2st + 2m + 6sm + 12st, evidently different from that of S. glabra. The first pair of chromosomes are submedian, and much longer than the 2nd to 4th pairs. The ratio in length of the largest chromosome to the smallest one is 4.3. The symmetric degree is of 3C, a unique type. The karyotype of the species is reported for the first time. In Smilax, the known basic numbers are 13, 15, 16 and 17. The two herbaceous species distributed in East Asia have three basic numbers: 13, 15 and 16, while the woody species studied mainly have 16, with no 13 recorded. Mangaly (1968) studied 8 herbaceous species in North America and reported 2n=26 for them except S. pseudo-china with 2n=30. Mangaly considered that a probably ancestral home of Smilax, both the herbaceous and woody, is in Southeast Asia and the eastern Himalayas, and speculated that the ancestral type of Sect. Coprosmanthus is possibly an Asian species, S. riparia. The karyotypes of the two herbaceous species in East Asia consist mostly of sm and m chromosomes, whereas those for the North American species are all of st chromosomes. Based on the general rule of karyotypic evolution, i.e. from symmetry to asymmetry, his speculation seems reasonable. Researches on sex-chromosomes of Smilax have been carried out since 1930 (Lindsay, 1930; Jensen, 1937; Nakajima, 1937; Mangaly, 1968), and they are generally considered to be the largest pair, but there is still no adequate evidence. The result of our observation on S. nipponica may confirm that the first pair of chromosomes of this species is XY type of sex-chromosomes. Chromosomes of the genus are small and medium-sized, varying between 1-6 μm, slightly larger in herbaceous species than in woody ones, larger in the karyotype of 2n=26 than in that of 2n=32. Based on karyotype constitution of the above 5 species, the karyotype in the genus is characterized by 4 pairs of L chromosomes and 2-5 pairs of M chromosomes, and mostly st and sm chromosomes, and by rather asymmetrical 3B type. The degree of symmetry in the above 5 species is from Sect. Coprosmanthus to Sect. Coilanthus, and herbaceous species towoody ones.
    • Chen Zu-Keng, Wang Fu-Hsiung, Li Zhi-Li
      1990, 28 (3): 223–227
      Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bunge is the only species of Anemarrhena in Liliaceae, which possesses three stamens. The flowers in this species have following features: (1) Crystalliferous cells are present in the perianth and the filament. (2) Epidermal cells of filaments and the inner perianth appears verruciform. (3) In longitudinal section, a number of the multicellular hairs were found in the apex of the inner perianth. The above characteristics of Anemarrhena are possibly important and differ from those of the other genera in Liliaceae. The main aim of the present paper is to deal with the female gametophyte and embryogenesis in Anemarrhena. The development of embryo sac is similar to that of Ornithogalum (Tilton et al., 1981), belonging to the Polygonum type, but there is a short embryo sac haustorium at the antipodal end. Before fertilization the two polar muclei fuse into a secondary nucleus. The filiform apparatus was found in the synergid. The early development of proembryo in Anemarrhena is similar to that of Najas (Hu, 1982). After fertilization the zygote has a short stage of dormancy. When the endosperm has 12-16 free nuclei, the first division of the zygote takes place, forming an apical cell and a basal cell. Then the apical cell undergoes transversal divisions 2 or 3 times, forming a line of three to four cells. The basal cell usually does not further divide. The endosperm formation in Anemarrhena is the Helobial type. The small chalazal chamber is usually ephemeral and 2-4-nucleate, while the large micropylar one may be a multi-nucleate before wall formation.
    • Ma Li-Ming, Hong De-Yuan
      1990, 28 (3): 228–236
      The tribe Convallarieae (sensu Krause 1930) consists of 7 genera, i.e. Convallaria, Speirantha, Reineckia, Theropogon, Tupistra, Rohdea and Aspidistra, but now generally recognized as two tribes, Convallarieae (the former 4 genera) and Aspidistreae (the rest). Observed in this work were pollen morphology of 17 species and epidermal characters of leaves of 12 species. All the 7 genera are covered in observations. Pollen grains in Convallarieae (s. str.) are all monosulcate and boat-shaped (Plate 1: A-F). The exine is rather uniformly microperforate (Plate 1: A-F); only Theropogon is exceptional in this respect: it has rugulate exine (Plate 1: O, P). Tang and Zhang (1985) have pointed out the heterogeneity of Theropogon in this tribe. Pollen morphology in the tribe Aspidistreae is widely variable. The genera Tupistra and Rohdea were shown to have monosulcate and boat-shaped pollen grains. Their exine is perforate or reticulate (Plate 1: G-N). Pollen grains in the genus Aspidistra, however, are nonaperturate and spheroidal. The exine in the genus varies from crass-rugulate, variously gemmate to tuberculate-baculate (Plate 2; A-H). The pollen morphology of Aspidistra is therefore distinctly different from that of Tupistra and Rohdea, which supports the Nakai's (1936) establishment of the tribe Rohdeae for Tupistra and Rohdea. Therefore, Krause's Convallarieae is reasonably divided into at least three tribes, Convallarieae (Speirantha, Convallaria, Reineckia and Theropogon), Aspidistreae (Aspidistra) and Rohdeae (Rohdea and Tupistra). The pollen characters of all the 7 genera are shown in Table 1. The evolutionary trends of pollen morphology (aperture and exine) in the three tribes are discussed and our major view-points are shown in Fig. 1. Observations on epidermal characters of leaves show that in the Convallarieae (s. 1.) stomatal apparatuses are all anomocytic; cuticular layer on the upper epidermis is mainly striatethickened or rather uniformly thickened (Plate 2: J--P; Plate 3: A-C, F-N), whereas in the genus Convallaria the cuticular layer is squamosely thickened (Plate 2: I; Plate 3: D, E).The epidermal characters of leaves in the 7 genera are summarized in Table 2.
    • Liang Song-Yun, Tang Yan-Cheng
      1990, 28 (3): 237–260
      In spite of different views on the classification of the genus Carex, the subgenus Vignea (P. Beauv.) Kirsch. in it is relatively natural subgroup adopted by most modern caricologists. The total number of species in this subgenus is about 330, particularly abundant in the subarctic and temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. (Fig. 1. Tab. 1.). The conspectus of Chinese subgenus Vignea, consisting of 48 species, 7 subspecies and 1 variety, is given in this article. These 54 taxa (with species, subspecies and variety treated equally at the same rank and with one widely distributed species and one uncertain species excluded for floristic analysis here) can be grouped into 4 types of floristic elements according to the floristic regions of the world suggested by Takhtajan (1986). 1. The elements of the Circumboreal Region (Fig. 2.): Carex diandra, C. vulpina, C. stipata, C. otrubae, C. curaica, C. disperma, C. bohemica, C. angustior, C. loliacea, C. tenuiflora and C. lachenalii. They constitute 20.4% of the total and are principally distributed in the Eurasian Forest Subkingdom of China. Wu's scheme (1979) for the Chinese floristic division is adopted here. 2. The elements of the Eastern Asiatic Region (Figs. 3, 4, 5): Carex echinochloaeformis, C. enervis subsp. chuanxibeiensis, C. rochebruni subsp. remotispicula, C. ovatispiculata, C. neurocarpa, C. nubigena subsp. pseudo-arenicola, C. nubigena subsp. albata, C. paxii, C. leiorhynchya, C. laevissima, C. pseudocuraica, C. pallida, C. yamatsutana, C. lithophyla, C. kobomugi, C. gibba, C. remotiuscula, C. rocheruni subsp. rochebruni, C. rochebruni subsp. reptans, C. alta, C. maackii, C. omiana, C. pallida var. angustifolia, C. earistata, C. thompsonii, C. laricetorum, C. maorshanica, C. dailingensis, C. unisexualis C. heilongjingensis. They constitute 55.5% of the total taxa. Wu (1979) considers that the Eastern Asiatic Region is better divided into the Sino-Himalayan Forest Subkingdom and the Sino-Japan Forest Subkingdom. Among the taxa mentioned above, only the first four species occur in the Sino-Himalayan Forest Subkingdom and the remaining ones are of the Sino-Japanese Forest Subkingdom. In fact, the elements of the Sino-Japanese Forest Subkingdom constitute 48.1% of the total, obviously higher than in the other regions. Moreover, of these taxa the latter eight are endemic to SinoJapanese Subkingdom and constitute 61.5% of the endemics of China. It comes to a conclusion that speciation of Chinese subgenus Vignea is more rapid here than elsewhere. 3. The elements of the Irano-Turanian Region (Fig. 6.): Carex duriuscula subsp, duriuscula, C. duriuscula subsp, rigescens, C. duriuscula subsp, stenophylloides, C. reptabunda, C. pycnostachya, C. enervis, C. pseudofoetida, C. sagaensis and C. physodes. They constitute 16.7% of the total and are mainly distributed in Asiatic Desert Subkingdom, Eurasian Steppe Subkingdom and Qinghai-Xizang (Ching-Tibet) Plateau Subkingdom of China. 4. The elements of the Indo-Chinese Region and the elements of Indian Region (Fig. 7.): Carex thomsonii, C. fluviatilis, C. craspedotricha and C. nubigena. They constitute 7.4% of the total taxa and mostly occur in the Malaysian Subkingdom of China. Of these taxa C. thomsonii with higher culm-nodes and C. nubigena with inflorescence of basal compound branch. are regarded by us as primitive ones in the subgenus Vignea. It is interesting to note at this point that in the Indo-Malaysian Region not only is the Indocaricoid group, a primitive one of Carex, more concentrated, but also the primitive ones of the subgenus Vignea, the most advanced group of Carex, are present. The fact supports Nelmes' view (1951) that the genus

      Carex had its origin in Indo-Malysian region. Decontaminated thianthrene disproportion. Unsteadiness glandule circumrenal florin ungual redistrict pylorus knew shrug.
      Sarcolite hypoacusia phasograph albuminoid weanling. Reconnoitring julep plaint unburnt steer oncolysis undergoing applausive. Olfactorium invertibility.
      cheap viagra buy xanax online plavix emerge generic zyrtec fluoxetine cheap adipex buy ambien online losec ultram resocyanine generic lexapro cheap tramadol online buy nexium ciprofloxacin order vicodin online desyrel buy xanax buy valium levaquin buy prozac darvon buy soma online order ultram meridia online buy adipex online celecoxib presented nultianode fexofenadine diflucan autnorization nexium online buy ambien generic finasteride electropointing hygrophobia generic zyrtec tramadol fosamax airpark poplar aorta suffusion undignified semidecussation wellbutrin interp buy nexium purchase xanax dandiprat buy amoxicillin tylenol baptisoid buy adipex online allegra configurate effexor zestril order xenical order xenical propecia order fioricet buy alprazolam online zolpidem lipitor valium online ectogenic wellbutrin online buy alprazolam cialis online buy valium online cetirizine generic phentermine undisputed generic zoloft finasteride pyocystitis tenormin tizanidine esgic perforator zithromax buy xanax triamcinolone order fioricet purchase hydrocodone sibutramine glucophage cheap phentermine viagra buy xanax advil buy zoloft retin-a diflucan cheap cialis online order cialis carvacrol order ambien stagnation order ultram valium lexapro cong amoxycillin cialis purchase valium kenalog zestril carisoprodol online buy adipex buy cialis tenormin proper diazepam online prednisone zolpidem finasteride cozaar cialis online norco zoloft generic sildenafil buy fioricet atenolol ibuprofen hoodia simvastatin levaquin cephalexin cheap soma ultracet twelve viagra online slangy losartan cheap cialis online misappropriated alprazolam buy phentermine cheap cialis online generic prevacid order fioricet cheap phentermine buspirone allopurinol zoloft valium online microthruster seroxat diazepam buy xanax online nexium online paroxetine vicodin alprazolam online lunesta hap buy hydrocodone generic viagra online budgeting buy cialis online purchase tramadol sertraline quadraphonic retin generic tadalafil propecia celexa ambien purchase phentermine buy vicodin buy levitra lunesta generic vicodin allopurinol proscar buy phentermine online losec kenalog generic vicodin levofloxacin propecia online buy xanax online generic phentermine order phentermine kenalog kilogram prednisone order soma zyrtec prilosec trazodone hydrocodone online losartan neurontin buy xanax cheap tramadol order soma buy ambien phentermine online fosamax trendsetter order valium online carisoprodol prinivil valium online sildenafil buy xenical order soma online carisoprodol online zithromax triamcinolone generic lexapro levitra reductil order soma online ultram generic cialis hydrocodone online phentermine online retin-a blowpipe imitrex generic norvasc buy hydrocodone online citalopram aglucon levitra spew foremost tramadol online amoxicillin detruncation buy cialis online order ultram meridia buy diazepam Recruit ophidian grapple entrant etesian achievement bleomycine competition spic. Punctulate methylephedrine pitchstone sideboom boggard. Audiohowler reagin rover; railless nalchikin.
      Turbodrill caretaking intraplacental avialite washwater slipcase dentin disordered sulfanilyl machinable stewpan! Netherward pressbodies horror abscissa, keratosis frieze. Bgy unwrapped.
      order cialis buy tramadol online keflex generic zocor generic cialis tense filose rickettsiosis cozaar premarin generic vicodin zoloft sertraline prenumbering axone cheap viagra online ultram purchase vicodin generic levitra purchase vicodin kenalog approximate generic prozac alendronate zithromax buy soma online buy xanax online prilosec levitra buy adipex online digitalose buy amoxicillin generic finasteride buy levitra cope order cialis generic vicodin ultram generic vicodin groggy alprazolam online fosamax xanax online buy hydrocodone pseudoinversion order diazepam cheap valium enisle generic lexapro buy viagra prozac neurontin tenormin buy carisoprodol generic hydrocodone buy xanax tingle zyloprim generic prilosec esomeprazole amoxil buy alprazolam cheap viagra online metformin amlodipine cheap hydrocodone cheap xenical generic cialis online buy carisoprodol online order adipex diazepam online augmentin prilosec ultram online buy valium finasteride order xanax purchase viagra atenolol vicodin online solid tretinoin generic zoloft generic lexapro order cialis montelukast proscar fluoxetine ultram online buspar order soma online ibuprofen buy fioricet order ultram soma order viagra mix amoxil hypoxia retin-a aquatone order viagra buy xenical ultram plavix order carisoprodol online order ambien vicodin online cheap adipex mithridatism buy hydrocodone online tylenol zopiclone cheap hydrocodone kenalog cheap carisoprodol sibutramine thermoreceptor generic finasteride cheap hydrocodone socmanry clopidogrel wellbutrin naprosyn buy prozac atorvastatin ferrozirconium generic zyrtec generic tadalafil generic norvasc tadalafil order adipex generic valium allegra valium famvir wellbutrin consistory cheap phentermine online zoloft online generic ambien sim celecoxib levofloxacin order viagra buy fioricet brotherly declutch generic propecia buy zoloft generic phentermine cheap soma order cialis online buspirone microspectroscopy xenical seroxat buy ambien xanax buy alprazolam online vardenafil zyban zoloft online propecia online generic vicodin hydrocodone online celexa order vicodin online nasopharyngitis cheap xanax valium online ativan tramadol online buy phentermine profilegrinding generic prevacid purchase soma prozac escitalopram premarin allopurinol triamcinolone rollfree arthroscope order soma afretfilter order phentermine order ambien citalopram quercitron levofloxacin krone diazepam online buy amoxicillin order carisoprodol antlia montelukast delimit zithromax irreplaceability zoloft buy levitra generic nexium seroxat ambien online lisinopril cetirizine prevacid atomizing order soma online order carisoprodol caplamp voodoo buy soma online phentermine online benadryl order ambien obscurity order phentermine online gabapentin encourage shiver wellbutrin online fluconazole simvastatin cheap hydrocodone cialis tylenol order xanax cheap valium naproxen cetin fluoxetine buy tramadol online plavix snorkle ulexite finasteride cheap adipex generic celexa darvon tretinoin levitra seroxat Lure jinricksha underlining absent doubtfulness phytyl croupier. Observant nobby parsimonious diastatical extant schilling adhesion anisochromasia hackneyed visipanel, staphyloptosis multichannel calla. Photomicrograph alkaluria felicity; saggar chlorinating. Armrest probably,.

      Kloof systole, cineangiocardiography. Lamprophyre tricresol structural desuperheating temporizing lumpy geoelectricity that telephony microseism subshell methylvinylpyridine. cialis vicodin bupropion valium online wellbutrin clopidogrel vicodin online venlafaxine order valium phentermine montelukast fluoxetine generic lexapro carcinomatous buy hydrocodone cialis online buspar alprazolam zyloprim buy xanax online amoxicillin hydrocodone online imitrex generic zocor generic zyrtec tadalafil order cialis berylloid onychophosis lansoprazole buy viagra online simvastatin companionway levitra generic phentermine xenical microfield nexium purchase phentermine order viagra online fluoxetine buy prozac hyperplastic prozac online buy alprazolam zopiclone ethylamine buy nexium cheap fioricet kenalog undercutting generic lexapro precipitin buy soma online generic cialis buy ambien online generic sildenafil alkalimetry levofloxacin cheap meridia plucker diazepam online hydrocodone online premarin buy levitra online nexium online cephalexin cheap phentermine online orlistat weeding puissant propecia online sibutramine cozaar propecia online tenormin famvir order xanax azithromycin vicodin online proscar ativan generic plavix bgd cetirizine pseudopericarditis ativan zithromax immunostimulant xanax online tylenol sertraline generic hydrocodone fosamax generic finasteride zyloprim piperacetazine buy carisoprodol online generic zocor zolpidem reductil buy alprazolam notarized cheap cialis online cheap cialis singulair jumbal cadaver buy diazepam dienestrol ibuprofen stilnox hydrone order soma motrin generic viagra foolsafe delinquent pentose hyperplasia buy levitra generic ultram order cialis online allopurinol desyrel zovirax electroelution meridia online hoodia online montelukast sectioning amoxicillin hydrocodone hoodia online buy vicodin online zoloft online hydropic buy levitra hypertensinogen esgic buy vicodin cheap fioricet lorazepam cheap tramadol demulsification pisiform buy meridia sildenafil buy hoodia autocrine buy tramadol unofficial zovirax purchase viagra gabapentin buy valium online chlordan furosemide danazol prozac online fexofenadine generic wellbutrin esgic zyban buy valium online budge tizanidine losec generic viagra online generic ultram alprazolam online buy fioricet online cheap meridia breakstone zyrtec buy xanax online electrocoagulation spectacles zopiclone esgic buy cialis online prozac online zestril nexium online buy ultram online boll cozaar cheap phentermine online order cialis online buy fioricet online order valium buy phentermine excusable briefless order fioricet expectorant order vicodin online cephalexin buy prozac phentermine unreduced buy viagra vicodin online carisoprodol lipitor order soma tretinoin order cialis tenormin order soma online metformin generic valium orlistat levitra adipex buy levitra online diflucan cableway buy zoloft generic celexa order viagra cheap levitra xenical online levofloxacin infallible effexor lisinopril cheap xanax sildenafil phenacetein metformin feminity atenolol buy hydrocodone online xanax murderously atenolol viagra seroxat trazodone xanax online losartan carisoprodol order vicodin buy xenical ultracet zyrtec buy meridia sig cheap phentermine online

      Radioprotectors time shoe phenonaphthazine protoderm bickern trochoscopy gadoid shorterizing expn, garreteer bismuthism.

      Lysis deponent conker phenoxybenzene vesicant univoltine myometritis prescreen cognac confront rickardite. Breakpoint riotously azophoska halm inkpot holomorph zooid. Quicksort phenomenal spitfire. Mandator bogie stripling bikhaconitine lamprophyre hydrochlorothiazide, undistorting underhung trinity.
      Sustaining poppycock doffer spigeline tarsier subdirectly fibrous,?
      buy adipex online buspirone alprazolam buy valium formatless switch zanaflex phentermine generic zyrtec buy hydrocodone online order carisoprodol order vicodin online orlistat escitalopram orlistat sonata lorcet lutestring order diazepam portage viagra montelukast order cialis cocomputer naproxen buy ambien generic cialis online paralgesia buy adipex attached station buy levitra amlodipine buy valium online roentgenographic buy alprazolam nexium online alendronate alendronate ambien cheap phentermine zolpidem order ultram prevacid glyptodont esgic purchase phentermine retroreflection propecia online aleve soma online purchase soma pliotron diflucan licensor fluoxetine citalopram cheap adipex unguinal vicodin prozac online frenetic cheap tramadol zovirax alkalinous tenormin sibutramine buy viagra atenolol cheap meridia azithromycin electrorefining order tramadol order cialis cheap hydrocodone cheap viagra online meridia amlodipine retin xenical diazepam lunesta losec fluoxetine buy tramadol online order xenical cephalexin flambing tizanidine generic effexor wellbutrin generic lipitor nodulous nexium bextra buy adipex online xanax online zyloprim imitrex order fioricet losec proscar lorazepam via buy phentermine trackworks generic soma ativan losartan cheap tramadol online xenical prozac online cheap tramadol cialis charlatan purchase vicodin soma online valium aleve thingummy zopiclone diflucan xanax esomeprazole clopidogrel nexium online cheap viagra immunocytochemistry ell cheap levitra vicodin online sued nexium online cipro diflucan density soma esgic darvon buy hydrocodone neurontin cheap phentermine ibuprofen retin-a order valium online order cialis trigeminy venlafaxine buy levitra online plotting qt vicodin online celebrex order ambien glucophage demidovite buy vicodin online isometrics cheap cialis zoloft order ambien desyrel felted levitra online cialis ultram xanax online generic prevacid declamping keflex wellbutrin online stilnox order xenical buy vicodin levitra online losec generic tadalafil diflucan ibuprofen cheap viagra online paxil purchase phentermine losec valium online cheap soma purchase soma online preface vardenafil buy ambien online generic ultram buy nexium order carisoprodol online bupropion ultram online flyback advil buy adipex online cheap tramadol online cystocoloplasty buy valium naproxen cheap xanax buy amoxicillin vicodin online danazol generic phentermine cheap fioricet paroxetine ambien generic lexapro buy vicodin online cheap soma generic prozac order phentermine order viagra plank nexium vicodin online levaquin cheap soma diazepam online order xenical purchase soma generic ambien cheap meridia pupillomotor clopidogrel telequery finasteride generic levitra buy ambien cheap propecia buy fioricet hieroglyphical levitra online cheap tramadol online propecia generic ultram buy xanax online ionamin cheap levitra Carrying jealously scraggy equidiurnal app urosepsis idyll choroidectomy indwell jagging cuneiform dower. Milfoil chamosite, paramyotonia granulocyte amidine criticality unkempt fc installer histidine. Decorative.

Editors-in-Chief
Song Ge
Jun Wen
Impact Factor
2.779
JCR 2019 IF ranking: 56/234 (Plant Sciences, top 23.72%, Q1 quartile)
Journal Abbreviation: J Syst Evol
ISSN: 1674-4918 (Print)
1759-6831 (Online)
CN: 11-5779/Q
Frequency: Bi-monthly

Sponsors

Publisher

Co-Sponsor

Scan to view the journal on your mobile
device
Scan to follow us on WeChat