Table of Contents
  • Volume 12 Issue 3

      
      Research Articles
    • Shan Ren-Hwa, Li Yin
      1974, 12 (3): 261–294
    • Shang Chih-Bei
      1974, 12 (3): 295–298
    • Hsu Yin, Fan Guang-Jin
      1974, 12 (3): 299–302
    • Chang Che-Tseng, Yu Ch'eng-Hung
      1974, 12 (3): 303–316
    • Yü Yung-Nien
      1974, 12 (3): 317–328
      The present study deals with some factors influencing the mode of teliospore germination of Yenia esculenta (P. henn.) Liou (Ustilago esculenta P. Henn.) which is parasitic on water bamboo [Zizania caduciflora (Turcz.) Hand.-Mazz.]. The hypertrophied, immature smutted shoots of Z. caduciflora is used as a delicate vegetable in China. Factors such as temperature, light, hydrogen-ion concentration, nutrient and oxygen play an important role in spore germination. Evidences have been obtained to show that morphological changes of basidiosporophore (conidio-promycelium) have been observed under some unfavorable conditions e. g., higher temperature, higher hydrogen-ion concentration, poor nutrient, complete darkness, etc. The morphology of the basidio-promycelium, however, remains unaffected. On the basis of this unique character, Liou (1949) proposed to erect a new genus (Yenia) for Ustilago esculenta and a new family (Yeniaceae) for the order Ustilaginales. According to present study, it seems to the writer that the validation of Yeniaceae is a reasonable and preferable proposal and merits recognition. The evolution and classification of the order are alsobriefly discussed.
    • Kwei Yao-Lin, Hu Yu-Shi
      1974, 12 (3): 329–336
      The comparative observations of the leaves of Chinese Taxus have been made with special reference to their under epidermal structure of leaves and the under epidermal feature of leaves in relation to toxonomy of Taxus has been discussed. The epidermal feature of the under surface of the leaves of Chinese Taxus can be classified into three types, namely: (I) the strongly papillate cuticular peges present in median zone of the under surface of the leaves; (II) some files of epidermal cells in median zone have no papillate cuticular peges and (III) in partial region of the median zone less strongly developed papillae peges are covered in patches or scattered. Based upon the fact we may conclude that the under epidermal structure types of leaves of Chinese Taxus are not characteristic to any speeies of Taxus and particularly, the morphological characters of leaves and the geographical distribution of the species are overlapping among different species, thus, the identification of species based upon under epidermal structure types may result in obscurity. Therefore, the under epidermal feature of leaves of Taxus only can be used as accessory feature for identification of species and it can not be used as an importantcriterion for identification.
    • Wu Cheng-Yih, Huang Shu-Chung
      1974, 12 (3): 337–346
    • Jao Chin-Chih, Lee Yao-Yin
      1974, 12 (3): 349–378
Editors-in-Chief
Song Ge
Jun Wen
Impact Factor
2.779
JCR 2019 IF ranking: 56/234 (Plant Sciences, top 23.72%, Q1 quartile)
Journal Abbreviation: J Syst Evol
ISSN: 1674-4918 (Print)
1759-6831 (Online)
CN: 11-5779/Q
Frequency: Bi-monthly

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