J Syst Evol ›› 2010, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (6): 474-481.doi: 10.1111/j.1759-6831.2010.00102.x

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Infrageneric relationships of Korean Viola based on eight chloroplast markers

Ki-Oug YOO* Su-Kil JANG   

  1. (Department of Biological Sciences, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon 200-701, Korea)
  • Received:2009-08-04 Online:2010-08-31 Published:2010-11-18

Abstract: Phylogeny and infrageneric relationships were reconstructed for Korean Viola (Violaceae) using eight chloroplast sequences: the atpB-rbcL intergenic spacer, the atpF-H intergenic spacer, the matK gene, the psbA-trnH intergenic spacer, the psbK-I intergenic spacer, the rpl16 intron, the rpoC1 exon 2, and the trnL-trnF regions. The combined analyses of the eight chloroplast regions suggest that sections Dischidium and Chamaemelanium are monophyletic, whereas section Nomimium is paraphyletic; sections Dischidium and Chamaemelanium form a clade with subsections Hypocarpae and Trigonocarpae of section Nomimium, but unresolved within the clade; two subsections (subsects. Bilobatae and Vaginatae) of section Nomimium form a clade and are placed between the stem and stemless species group; and subsection Patellares of section Nomimium is monophyletic, and Viola dissecta is diverged first in the clade with high support (BS = 100, PP = 100). Our present results support the subsectional grouping based on morphological characteristics, although discordance remained at the series level.

Key words: chloroplast DNA, infrageneric relationships, phylogeny, series, subsection, Viola.

[1] Qiu-Jie Zhou, Che-Wei Lin, Jin-Hong Dai, Ren-Chao Zhou, and Ying Liu. Exploring the generic delimitation of Phyllagathis and Bredia (Melastomataceae): A combined nuclear and chloroplast DNA analysis . J Syst Evol, 2019, 57(3): 256-267.
[2] Hyoung Tae Kim, Jung Sung Kim, You Mi Lee, Jeong-Hwan Mun, and Joo-Hwan Kim. Molecular markers for phylogenetic applications derived from comparative plastome analysis of Prunus species . J Syst Evol, 2019, 57(1): 15-22.
[3] Wu-Qin Xu, Jocelyn Losh, Chuan Chen, Pan Li, Rui-Hong Wang, Yun-Peng Zhao, Ying-Xiong Qiu, Cheng-Xin Fu. Comparative genomics of figworts (Scrophularia, Scrophulariaceae), with implications for the evolution of Scrophularia and Lamiales . J Syst Evol, 2019, 57(1): 55-65.
[4] Jonathan P. Price and Warren L. Wagner. Origins of the Hawaiian flora: Phylogenies and biogeography reveal patterns of long‐distance dispersal . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(6): 600-620.
[5] Joseph T. Miler, Garry Jolley-Rogers, Brent D. Mishler, and Andrew H. Thornhill. Phylogenetic diversity is a better measure of biodiversity than taxon counting . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(6): 663-667.
[6] Sadaf Habib, Viet-Cuong Dang, Stefanie M. Ickert-Bond, Jun Wen, Zhi-Duan Chen, Li-Min Lu. Evolutionary trends in Tetrastigma (Vitaceae): Morphological diversity and taxonomic implications . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(4): 360-373.
[7] Shi-Yong Dong, Cheng-Wei Chen, Shi-Shi Tan, Hui-Guo Zhao, Zheng-Yu Zuo, Yi-Shan Chao, Yi-Han Chang. New insights on the phylogeny of Tectaria (Tectariaceae), with special reference to Polydictyum as a distinct lineage . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(2): 139-147.
[8] Xin-Mao Zhou, Liang Zhang, Ngan Thi Lu, Xin-Fen Gao, Li-Bing Zhang. Pteridryaceae: A new fern family of Polypodiineae (Polypodiales) including taxonomic treatments . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(2): 148-173.
[9] Chi-Toan Le, Bing Liu, Russell L. Barrett, Li-Min Lu, Jun Wen, Zhi-Duan Chen. Phylogeny and a new tribal classification of Opiliaceae (Santalales) based on molecular and morphological evidence . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(1): 56-66.
[10] S. Robbert Gradstein, Rui-Liang Zhu, Lei Shu, Álvaro J. Pérez. Reinerantha foliicola, a new genus and species of Lejeuneaceae subtribe Cololejeuneinae (Marchantiophyta) from Ecuador . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(1): 67-75.
[11] Liu Yang, Guan-Song Yang, Hai-Ying Ma, Yue-Hua Wang, Shi-Kang Shen. Phylogenetic placement of Yunnanopilia (Opiliaceae) inferred from molecular and morphological data . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(1): 48-55.
[12] Nadja Korotkova, Gerald Parolly, Anahit Khachatryan, Lusine Ghulikyan, Harutyun Sargsyan, Janna Akopian, Thomas Borsch, Michael Gruenstaeudl. Towards resolving the evolutionary history of Caucasian pears (Pyrus, Rosaceae)—Phylogenetic relationships, divergence times and leaf trait evolution . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(1): 35-47.
[13] Jingbo Zhang, Peter F. Stevens, Wenheng Zhang. Evolution of floral zygomorphy in androecium and corolla in Solanaceae . J Syst Evol, 2017, 55(6): 581-590.
[14] Yuan Huang, Yi-ming An, Shi-yong Meng, Yan-Ping Guo, Guang-Yuan Rao. Taxonomic status and phylogenetic position of Phaeostigma in the subtribe Artemisiinae (Asteraceae) . J Syst Evol, 2017, 55(5): 426-436.
[15] Chuan Chen, Min-Qi Cai, Bo Xu, Xin-Jie Jin, Rui-Hong Wang, Pan Li, Yun-Peng Zhao, Cheng-Xin Fu. Systematic position of Oreosolen (tribe Scrophularieae, Scrophulariaceae) based on nuclear and plastid sequences . J Syst Evol, 2017, 55(5): 446-452.
Full text



[1] Hongna Kao, Ting Lan, Xiaoru Wang, Qingyin Zeng. Functional Divergence of Dehydroascorbate Reductase Genes in Pinus densata, P. tabulaeformis and P. yunnanensis[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2012, 47(1): 1 -10 .
[2] . [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1994, 11(专辑): 44 .
[3] . Studies of Gene Expression in Puccinellia tenuiflora under NaHCO3 Stress Using Differential Display Technology[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2005, 22(03): 307 -312 .
[4] WU Gang;CUI Hai-Rui and XIA Ying-Wu. Application of in situ Hybridization in Plant Genetics and Breeding[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1999, 16(06): 625 -630 .
[5] Wang Bao-shan;Zhou Qi and Zhao Ke-fu. Advances in the Vacuolar Translocating Proteins and Salt Tolerance in Plants[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1996, 13(03): 30 -36 .
[6] Ye Qin-fa;Qi Shu-yuan and Lin Li-dong. Tissue Culture and Rapid Propagation of Aguilaria Sinensis[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1997, 14(增刊): 60 -63 .
[7] Yu Kong;Zhong Wang*;Yunjie Gu;Yuexia Wang. Research Progress on Aerenchyma Formation in Plant Roots[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2008, 25(02): 248 -253 .
[8] Liao Xiang-ru and Zhu Xin-chan. Effect of Seed Priming on Improving Resistance of Wheat to Osmotic Stress[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1997, 14(02): 36 -40 .
[9] Yingying Zhu, Liangliang Yu, Xingfen Wang, Laigeng Li. HD-Zip III Transcription Factor and Cell Differentiation in Plants[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2013, 48(2): 199 -209 .
[10] . [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2001, 18(04): 511 .