J Syst Evol ›› 2017, Vol. 55 ›› Issue (4): 353-364.doi: 10.1111/jse.12271

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Neo- and Paleopolyploidy contribute to the species diversity of Asplenium—the most species-rich genus of ferns

Harald Schneider1,2*, Hong-Mei Liu1, Yan-Fen Chang1, Daniel Ohlsen3, Leon R. Perrie4, Lara Shepherd4, Michael Kessler5, Dirk Karger5,6, Sabine Hennequin7, Jeannine Marquardt2, Stephen Russell2, Stephen Ansell2, Ngan Thi Lu8, Peris Kamau9, Josmaily Lóriga Pineiro10, Ledis Regalado10,11, Jochen Heinrichs10, Atsushi Ebihara12, Alan R. Smith13, and Mary Gibby14   

  1. 1Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mengla, Yunnan 666303, China
    2Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD, UK
    3School of Botany, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia
    4Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, Wellington 6140, New Zealand
    5Institute of Systematic Botany, University of Zurich, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
    6Dynamic Macroecology Group, Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, 8903 Birmsersdorf, Switzerland
    7Institute de Systematique, Evolution, Biodiversite, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris, France
    8Department of Botany, Vietnam National Museum of Nature, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Ha Noi, Vietnam
    9Botany Department, National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya
    10University of Munich (LMU), Department of Biology I, Systematic Botany and Mycology, Geobio-Center, 80638 Munich, Germany 11Instituto de Ecologia y Sistematica, Carretera de Varona 11835 e/ Oriente y Lindero, Calabazar, Boyeros, La Habana, Cuba 12Department of Botany, National Museum of Nature and Science, Tsukuba 305-0005, Japan 13University Herbarium, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA 14Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH3 5LR, UK
  • Received:2017-05-20 Online:2017-06-29 Published:2017-07-24

Abstract: Polyploidy is widely considered as a major process in the evolution of plants but the accumulation of polyploid species diversity is still controversial. Some recent studies proposed increased extinction risk in neopolyploids compared with their diploid ancestors. The high proportion of polyploid ferns is expected to be formed mainly by neopolyploids, whereas paleopolyploid species are predicted to be clustered in clades founded by whole genome duplications. Here, we test this prediction by exploring the evolution of polyploidy in the derived fern family Aspleniaceae. The family has a global distribution and shows the highest frequency of polyploid taxa among all ferns. To test the hypothesis, we obtained a comprehensive phylogeny using chloroplast DNA sequences of 883 specimens representing 292 species. All published chromosome counts were mapped onto this phylogenetic framework in order to explore the evolution of polyploids. We recovered evidence for several whole genome duplications in the history of Aspleniaceae. Phylogenetic relationships of polyploids exceeding the tetraploid level suggest that tetraploid Asplenium species may have replaced their diploid ancestors as the main evolutionary players in some clades of this family.

Key words: chromosome number, diversification, extinction risk, genome evolution, macroevolution, neopolyploidy, paleopolyploidy

[1] Joon Seon Lee, Seon‐Hee Kim, Sangryong Lee, Masayuki Maki, Koichi Otsuka, Andrey E. Kozhevnikov, Zoya V. Kozhevnikova, Jun Wen, and Seung‐Chul Kim. New insights into the phylogeny and biogeography of subfamily Orontioideae (Araceae) . J Syst Evol, 2019, 57(6): 616-632.
[2] Xu Zhang, Hua-Jie Zhang, Jacob B. Landis, Tao Deng, Ai-Ping Meng, Hang Sun, Yan-Song Peng, Heng-Chang Wang, and Yan-Xia Sun. Plastome phylogenomic analysis of Torreya (Taxaceae) . J Syst Evol, 2019, 57(6): 607-615.
[3] Ana Otero, Pedro Jiménez-Mejías, Virginia Valcárcel, and Pablo Vargas. Worldwide long‐distance dispersal favored by epizoochorous traits in the biogeographic history of Omphalodeae (Boraginaceae) . J Syst Evol, 2019, 57(6): 579-593.
[4] Jianhua Li, Mark Stukel, Parker Bussies, Kaleb Skinner, Alan R. Lemmon, Emily Moriarty Lemmon, Kenneth Brown, Airat Bekmetjev, and Nathan G. Swenson. Maple phylogeny and biogeography inferred from phylogenomic data . J Syst Evol, 2019, 57(6): 594-606.
[5] Santiago Martín‐Bravo, Pedro Jiménez‐Mejías, Tamara Villaverde, Marcial Escudero, Marlene Hahn, Daniel Spalink, Eric H. Roalson, Andrew L. Hipp, and the Global Carex Group (Carmen Benítez-Benítez, Leo P. Bruederle, Elisabeth Fitzek, Bruce A. Ford, Kerry A. Ford, Mira Garner, Sebastian Gebauer, Matthias H. Hoffmann, Xiao-Feng Jin, Isabel Larridon, Étienne Léveillé-Bourret, Yi-Fei Lu, Modesto Luceño, Enrique Maguilla, Jose Ignacio Márquez‐Corro, Mónica Míguez, Robert Naczi, Anton A. Reznicek, and Julian R. Starr). A tale of worldwide success: Behind the scenes of Carex (Cyperaceae) biogeography and diversification . J Syst Evol, 2019, 57(6): 695-718.
[6] Gisela M. Via do Pico, Yanina J. Pérez, María B. Angulo, and Massimiliano Dematteis. Cytotaxonomy and geographic distribution of cytotypes of species of the South American genus Chrysolaena (Vernonieae, Asteraceae) . J Syst Evol, 2019, 57(5): 451-467.
[7] Hong‐Mei Liu, Libor Ekrt, Petr Koutecky, Jaume Pellicer, Oriane Hidalgo, Jeannine Marquardt, Fatima Pustahija, Atsushi Ebihara, Sonja Siljak‐Yakovlev, Mary Gibby, Ilia Leitch, and Harald Schneider. Polyploidy does not control all: Lineage‐specific average chromosome length constrains genome size evolution in ferns . J Syst Evol, 2019, 57(4): 418-430.
[8] Ying Yu, Hong-Mei Liu, Jun-Bo Yang, Wen-Zhang Ma, Silvia Pressel, Yu-Huan Wu, and Harald Schneider. Exploring the plastid genome disparity of liverworts . J Syst Evol, 2019, 57(4): 382-394.
[9] Daniel Spalink, Jocelyn Pender, Marcial Escudero, Andrew L. Hipp, Eric H. Roalson, Julian R. Starr, Marcia J. Waterway, Lynn Bohs, and Kenneth J. Sytsma. The spatial structure of phylogenetic and functional diversity in the United States and Canada: An example using the sedge family (Cyperaceae) . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(5): 449-465.
[10] David J. Hearn, Margaret Evans, Ben Wolf, Michael McGinty, Jun Wen. Dispersal is associated with morphological innovation, but not increased diversification, in Cyphostemma (Vitaceae) . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(4): 340-359.
[11] Farzaneh Habibi, Petr Vít, Mohammadreza Rahiminejad, Bohumil Mandák. Towards a better understanding of the Chenopodium album aggregate (Amaranthaceae) in the Middle East: A karyological, cytometric and morphometric investigation . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(3): 231-242.
[12] Jianhua Li, K. Gregory Murray, Pan Li, Kenneth Brown. Differential diversifications of South American and Eastern Asian disjunct genera Bocconia and Macleaya (Papaveraceae) . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(1): 25-34.
[13] Nattapon Nopporncharoenkul, Jatuporn Chanmai, Thaya Jenjittikul, Kesara Anamthawat-Jónsson, Puangpaka Soontornchainaksaeng. Chromosome number variation and polyploidy in 19 Kaempferia (Zingiberaceae) taxa from Thailand and one species from Laos . J Syst Evol, 2017, 55(5): 466-476.
[14] Yuan Huang, Yi-ming An, Shi-yong Meng, Yan-Ping Guo, Guang-Yuan Rao. Taxonomic status and phylogenetic position of Phaeostigma in the subtribe Artemisiinae (Asteraceae) . J Syst Evol, 2017, 55(5): 426-436.
[15] Erin M. Sigel. Genetic and genomic aspects of hybridization in ferns . J Syst Evol, 2016, 54(6): 638-655.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] Zhang Zhen-jue. Some Principles Governing Shedding of Flowers and Fruits in Vanilla fragrans[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1985, 3(05): 36 -37 .
[2] Qian Gao;Yuying Liu;Yinan Fei;Dapeng Li;Xianglin Liu* . Research Advances into the Root Radial Patterning Gene SHORT-ROOT[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2008, 25(03): 363 -372 .
[3] Wang Bao-shan;Zou Qi and Zhao Ke-fu. Advances in Mechanism of Crop Salt Tolerance and Strategies for Raising Crop Salt Tolerance[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1997, 14(增刊): 25 -30 .
[4] HE Feng WU Zhen-Bin. Application of Aquatic Plants in Sewage Treatment and Water Quality Improvement[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2003, 20(06): 641 -647 .
[5] TIAN Bao-Lin WANG Shi-Jun LI Cheng-Sen CHEN Gui-Ren. An Approach on the Origin Center, Evolution Center and the Mechanics of Evolution and Extinction of the Late Palaeozoic Cathaysian Flora[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2000, 17(专辑): 21 -33 .
[6] ZHANG Yan FANG Li LI Tian-Fei YAO Zhao-BingJIANG Jin-Hui. Effect of Calcium on the Heat Tolerance and Active Oxygen Metabolism of Tobacco Leaves[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2002, 19(06): 721 -726 .
[7] JIA Hu-Sen LI De-QuanHAN Ya-Qin. Cytochrome b-559 in Chloroplasts[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2001, 18(02): 158 -162 .
[8] Wei Sun;Chonghui Li;Liangsheng Wang;Silan Dai*. Analysis of Anthocyanins and Flavones in Different-colored Flowers of Chrysanthemum[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2010, 45(03): 327 -336 .
[9] . Phosphate_Stress Protein and Iron_Stress Protein in Plants[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2001, 18(05): 571 -576 .
[10] ZHANG Da-Yong, JIANG Xin-Hua. An Ecological Perspective on Crop Prduction[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2000, 24(3): 383 -384 .