J Syst Evol ›› 2019, Vol. 57 ›› Issue (6): 655-669.doi: 10.1111/jse.12545

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Genetic diversity of Cedrela fissilis (Meliaceae) in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest reveals a complex phylogeographic history driven by Quaternary climatic fluctuations

Érica Mangaravite1,2,3*, Thamyres C. da Silveira1, Alexander Huamán-Mera1,4, Luiz O. de Oliveira1, Alexandra N. Muellner-Riehl5,6, and Jan Schnitzler3,5,6*   

  1. 1Laboratory for Molecular Biology and Phylogeography, Biochemistry Department, Federal University of Viçosa, Viçosa, Minas Gerais State, Brazil
    2Department of Biomedicine, Health Science Center, Centro Universitário Unifaminas, Av. Cristiano Ferreira Varella, 655, Bairro Universitário, Muriaé, Minas Gerais State, Brazil
    3Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre (SBiK‐F), Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    4Faculty of Forestry and Environmental Engineering, National University of Jaen, 250 Cuzco, Avenue, Jaen, Peru
    5Department of Molecular Evolution and Plant Systematics & Herbarium (LZ), Institute of Biology, Leipzig University, Leipzig, Germany
    6German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle‐Jena‐Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
  • Received:2019-05-28 Accepted:2019-09-13 Online:2019-10-07 Published:2019-11-01


Quaternary climatic fluctuations have shaped the geographic distribution of lineages, potentially affecting the demography, genetic structure, and patterns of genetic diversity of extant species. Different phylogeographic scenarios have been proposed for plants in neotropical cloud forests during the Last Glacial Maximum based on paleoecological data: the dry refugia hypothesis (DRH) and the moist forest hypothesis. We specifically focus on the Brazilian Atlantic Forest (BAF) range of Cedrela fissilis (Meliaceae), sampling 410 specimens from 50 localities. Our study combines analyses of the genetic diversity, phylogeographic patterns, and past geographic distributions with a particular focus on highland populations. We identified 283 alleles across the 11 microsatellite loci, ranging from 18 to 33 alleles per locus, distributed across five genetic groups. Most populations of C. fissilis from the BAF exhibited a diffuse genetic structure, reflected in low pairwise FST values, which could be the consequence of high gene flow. In addition, the plastid data showed a connection between the western, southern, and eastern populations in the North‐East of Brazil, but no association between genetic data and elevation was observed. Habitat suitability projections over the past 140 000 years showed less fragmentation relative to the present, indicating a higher connectivity and gene flow. Our results provide support for both the moist forest as well as the DRH, suggesting that most likely, a mixture of these processes has acted through space and time.

Key words: climate change, genetic diversity, habitat suitability, microsatellite, mountain, phylogeography

[1] Rong Li and Juan Yue. A phylogenetic perspective on the evolutionary processes of floristic assemblages within a biodiversity hotspot in eastern Asia . J Syst Evol, 2020, 58(4): 413-422.
[2] Julia Zaborowska, Bartosz Łabiszak, and Witold Wachowiak. Population history of European mountain pines Pinus mugo and Pinus uncinata revealed by mitochondrial DNA markers . J Syst Evol, 2020, 58(4): 474-486.
[3] Francisco Alcaide, Alejandro Solla, Marcello Cherubini, Claudia Mattioni, Beatriz Cuenca, Álvaro Camisón, and M. Ángela Martín. Adaptive evolution of chestnut forests to the impact of ink disease in Spain . J Syst Evol, 2020, 58(4): 504-516.
[4] Francisco Javier Valtueña, Mario Fernández-Mazuecos, Tomás Rodríguez-Riaño, Josefa López and Ana Ortega-Olivencia. Repeated jumps from Northwest Africa to the European continent: The case of peripheral populations of an annual plant . J Syst Evol, 2020, 58(4): 487-503.
[5] Brent D. Mishler, Robert Guralnick, Pamela S. Soltis, Stephen A. Smith, Douglas E. Soltis, Narayani Barve, Julie M. Allen, and Shawn W. Laffan. Spatial phylogenetics of the North American flora . J Syst Evol, 2020, 58(4): 393-405.
[6] Bin Tian, Yi Fu, Richard I. Milne, Kang‐Shan Mao, Yong‐Shuai Sun, Xiang‐Guang Ma, and Hang Sun. A complex pattern of post‐divergence expansion, contraction, introgression, and asynchronous responses to Pleistocene climate changes in two Dipelta sister species from western China . J Syst Evol, 2020, 58(3): 247-262.
[7] Yi-Zhen Shao, Yun Chen, Xian-Chun Zhang, and Qiao-Ping Xiang. Species delimitation and phylogeography of Abies delavayi complex: Inferred from morphological, molecular, and climatic data . J Syst Evol, 2020, 58(3): 234-246.
[8] Joseph T. Miler, Garry Jolley-Rogers, Brent D. Mishler, and Andrew H. Thornhill. Phylogenetic diversity is a better measure of biodiversity than taxon counting . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(6): 663-667.
[9] Daniel Spalink, Jocelyn Pender, Marcial Escudero, Andrew L. Hipp, Eric H. Roalson, Julian R. Starr, Marcia J. Waterway, Lynn Bohs, and Kenneth J. Sytsma. The spatial structure of phylogenetic and functional diversity in the United States and Canada: An example using the sedge family (Cyperaceae) . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(5): 449-465.
[10] Melanie A. Link-Pérez and Shawn W. Laffan. Fern and lycophyte diversity in the Pacific Northwest: Patterns and predictors . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(5): 498-522.
[11] Lei Huang, Fang-Dong Geng, Jing-Jing Fan, Cheng Xue, Xiao-Yan Zhang, Ju-Qing Kang, Jian-Qiang Zhang, Yi Ren. Genetic diversity and evolutionary history of four closely related Aquilegia species revealed by 10 nuclear gene fragments . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(2): 129-138.
[12] Richard J. Abbott. Plant speciation across environmental gradients and the occurrence and nature of hybrid zones . J Syst Evol, 2017, 55(4): 238-258.
[13] Hui-Run Huang, Wei Wu, Ji-Xiu Zhang, Ling-Jian Wang, Yong-Ming Yuan, Xue-Jun Ge. A genetic delineation of Patchouli (Pogostemon cablin) revealed by specific-locus amplified fragment sequencing . J Syst Evol, 2016, 54(5): 491-501.
[14] Ashley Call, Yan-Xia Sun, Yan Yu, Peter B. Pearman, David T. Thomas, Robert N. Trigiano, Ignazio Carbone, Qiu-Yun (Jenny) Xiang. Genetic structure and post-glacial expansion of Cornus florida L. (Cornaceae): integrative evidence from phylogeography, population demographic history, and species distribution modeling . J Syst Evol, 2016, 54(2): 136-151.
[15] Hong Qian, Jian Zhang. Are phylogenies derived from family-level supertrees robust for studies on macroecological patterns along environmental gradients? . J Syst Evol, 2016, 54(1): 29-36.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!