J Syst Evol ›› 2007, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (4): 551-560.doi: 10.1360/aps07025
• Research Articles •
2 5SHI Jun, 2 5CHENG Jin, 3LUO Dun, 4SHANGGUAN Fa-Zhi, 1 2LUO Yi-Bo*
In order to explore the relationship between the pollinator and pollination syndromes, and to evaluate the possibility of predicting likely pollinators based on pollination syndromes, the pollination biology of Paphiopedilum dianthum was examined. This species shares a close phylogenetic relationship, similar habit, and a recognizable syndrome of floral features (including helmet-shaped labellum, big dorsal sepal, and black warts or hairs on petals) with other brood-site deceptive Paphiopedilum species. According to the pollination syndrome concept, P. dianthum would be pollinated by hoverflies and attract pollinators with brood-site deception. Results were consistent with this prediction. Paphiopedilum dianthum was mainly pollinated by female hoverflies (Episyrphus balteatus), and these flies were indeed lured by the false brood-site on the orchid flower. It is suggested that the pollination syndrome may be correlated with pollination selective pressure, but not simply with pollinator species, and that accurate prediction requires consideration of all factors influencing floral characters, including habit and evolutionary history.
SHI Jun, CHENG Jin, LUO Dun, SHANGGUAN Fa-Zhi, LUO Yi-Bo. Pollination syndromes predict brood-site deceptive pollination by female hoverflies in Paphiopedilum dianthum (Orchidaceae). J Syst Evol, 2007, 45 (4): 551-560.
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