J Syst Evol ›› 2014, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (4): 423-430.doi: 10.1111/jse.12086

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Using an updated time-calibrated family-level phylogeny of seed plants to test for non-random patterns of life forms across the phylogeny

1Hong QIAN* 2Jian ZHANG   

  1. 1(Research and Collections Center, Illinois State Museum, Springfield, IL, USA)
    2(Department of Renewable Resources, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2H1, Canada)
  • Received:2014-01-17 Online:2014-02-25 Published:2014-07-10

Abstract: Diversity and membership of species in a biological community result from the interplay between evolutionary and ecological processes. Plant ecologists often rely on family-level phylogenies to address various issues of community assembly because phylogenies resolved at the species or genus level are generally not available. Here, we present an updated time-calibrated family-level phylogeny that includes all families of extant seed plants (i.e., angiosperms and gymnosperms) in the world, and use the phylogeny to show patterns of genus and species richness and life forms of all seed plant families in the world across the phylogeny. In addition, we use the phylogeny to examine whether life forms (woody vs. herbaceous) of seed plant families in the world are non-randomly distributed across the phylogeny. Our study shows that life forms exhibit significant phylogenetic signal across the phylogeny of seed plants.

Key words: angiosperm, community ecology, gymnosperm, life form, phylogenetic signal.

[1] Santiago Andrés-Sánchez, G. Anthony Verboom, Mercè Galbany-Casals, and Nicola G. Bergh. Evolutionary history of the arid climate‐adapted Helichrysum (Asteraceae: Gnaphalieae): Cape origin and association between annual life‐history and low chromosome numbers . J Syst Evol, 2019, 57(5): 468-487.
[2] Joseph T. Miler, Garry Jolley-Rogers, Brent D. Mishler, and Andrew H. Thornhill. Phylogenetic diversity is a better measure of biodiversity than taxon counting . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(6): 663-667.
[3] Aarón Rodríguez, Arturo Castro-Castro, Georgina Vargas-Amado, Ofelia Vargas-Ponce, Pilar Zamora-Tavares, Jesús González-Gallegos, Pablo Carrillo-Reyes, Marco Anguiano-Constante, Marco Carrasco-Ortiz, Miguel García-Martínez, Brandon Gutiérrez-Rodríguez, Juvenal Aragón-Parada, Christian Valdes-Ibarra and Guadalupe Munguía-Lino. Richness, geographic distribution patterns, and areas of endemism of selected angiosperm groups in Mexico . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(5): 537-549.
[4] Zhi-Yuan Du, Qing-Feng Wang, China Phylogeny Consortium. Phylogenetic tree of vascular plants reveals the origins of aquatic angiosperms . J Syst Evol, 2016, 54(4): 342-348.
[5] Wei Wang, David L. Dilcher, Ge Sun, Hong-Shan Wang, Zhi-Duan Chen. Accelerated evolution of early angiosperms: Evidence from ranunculalean phylogeny by integrating living and fossil data . J Syst Evol, 2016, 54(4): 336-341.
[6] Ting Zhang, Chun-Xia Zeng, Jun-Bo Yang, Hong-Tao Li, De-Zhu Li. Fifteen novel universal primer pairs for sequencing whole chloroplast genomes and a primer pair for nuclear ribosomal DNAs . J Syst Evol, 2016, 54(3): 219-227.
[7] Ling-Feng MAO, Sheng-Bin CHEN, Jin-Long ZHANG, Yan-Hui HOU,Guang-Sheng ZHOU, Xin-Shi ZHANG. Vascular plant diversity on the roof of the world: Spatial patterns and environmental determinants . J Syst Evol, 2013, 51(4): 371-381.
[8] Syed Mudassir JEELANI, Santosh KUMARI, Raghbir Chand GUPTA. Meiotic studies in some selected angiosperms from the Kashmir Himalayas . J Syst Evol, 2012, 50(3): 244-257.
[9] Yun GUO, De-Ming WANG. Anatomical reinvestigation of Archaeopteris macilenta from the Upper Devonian (Frasnian) of South China . J Syst Evol, 2011, 49(6): 590-597.
[10] Qiang ZHANG,Alexandre ANTONELLI,Taylor S. FEILD,Hong-Zhi KONG. Revisiting taxonomy, morphological evolution, and fossil calibration strategies in Chloranthaceae . J Syst Evol, 2011, 49(4): 315-329.
[11] Yan LI,Lian-Ming GAO, Ram C. POUDEL, De-Zhu Li, Alan FORREST. High universality of matK primers for barcoding gymnosperms . J Syst Evol, 2011, 49(3): 169-175.
[12] Jing YU, Jian-Hua XUE, Shi-Liang ZHOU. New universal matK primers for DNA barcoding angiosperms . J Syst Evol, 2011, 49(3): 176-181.
[13] Yin-Long QIU, Libo LI, Bin WANG,Jia-Yu XUE, Tory A. HENDRY, Rui-Qi LI, Joseph W. BROWN, Yang LIU, Geordan T. HUDSON, Zhi-Duan CHEN. Angiosperm phylogeny inferred from sequences of four mitochondrial genes . J Syst Evol, 2010, 48(6): 391-425.
[14] Xin WANG. Schmeissneria: An angiosperm from the Early Jurassic . J Syst Evol, 2010, 48(5): 326-335.
[15] Jinling HUANG, Guiling SUN,Da-Ming ZHANG. Molecular evolution and phylogeny of the angiosperm ycf2 gene . J Syst Evol, 2010, 48(4): 240-248.
Full text



[1] WENG De-Bao WANG Hai-Feng WENG Jia-Ying. Studies on Flavonoids in the Inflorescence of Celosia argentea L.[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2000, 17(06): 565 -568 .
[2] Wu Xian-jun;Li Ping;Wang Qian;Li Chao-luan;Huang Rong and Cheng Fa-ling. Preliminary investigation on development of male and female gametophytes in Cycas Panzhihuaensis L. Zhou et S. Y. Yang[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1995, 12(专辑): 41 -42 .
[3] Pan Qing-kun. The Effect of Crossing on Transfer of Nuclear Materials in Pollen Mother Cells of Rice[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1984, 2(05): 41 -43 .
[4] Gan Fan-yuan Xu Chen Zheng Guang-zhi. The Physiological Effects of Oligosaccharins on Culture Cells of Carthamus and Panax Notoginseng[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1995, 12(03): 36 -40 .
[5] XIONG Zi-Xian. Genophyll Theory and Carp Theory[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1998, 15(03): 73 -76 .
[6] Minghao Li;Wei Chen;Liping Xing;Jin Xiao;Haiyan Wang;Aizhong Cao;Xiue Wang. Establishment of High-efficiency Genetic Transformation System for the Wheat Variety Alondra's[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2010, 45(04): 466 -471 .
[7] Dahong Li, Dongping Zhang, Dandan Cao, Jiansheng Liang. Research Advances in Plant RACK1 Proteins[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2011, 46(2): 224 -232 .
[8] Jiang Wu-sheng and Li De-sheng. Twenty Important Plant Science Journals Covered by the Science Citation Index[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1997, 14(01): 59 -63 .
[9] Xu Gui-fang and Zhang Jing-lan. Studies on RNA Polymerases Isolation Purification Properties and Activity in Cotyledon Segment of Phaseolus radioutus During Dedifferentiation[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1991, 8(02): 34 -38 .
[10] Yuanji Han;Meifang Dong;Wangjun Yuan;Fude Shang* . Study on the Genetic Diversity of Osmanthus fragrans Cultivars[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2008, 25(05): 559 -564 .