J Syst Evol ›› 2008, Vol. 46 ›› Issue (3): 396-404.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1002.2008.08039

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Evolution of fruit types and seed dispersal:A phylogenetic and ecological snapshot

Claire M. LORTS, Trevor BRIGGEMAN, Tao SANG*   

  1. (Department of Plant Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA) sang @msu.edu
  • Received:2008-03-26 Online:2008-04-23 Published:2008-05-18

Abstract: Success of flowering plants is greatly dependent on effective seed dispersal. Specific fruit types aid different mechanisms of seed dispersal. However, little is known about what evolutionary forces have driven the diversification of fruit types and whether there were phylogenetic constraints on fruit evolution among angio-sperm lineages. To address these questions, we first surveyed the orders and families of angiosperms for fruit types and found no clear association between fruit types and major angiosperm lineages, suggesting there was little phylogenetic constraint on fruit evolution at this level. We then surveyed fruit types found in two contrasting habitats: an open habitat including the Indian desert and North American plains and prairies, and a closed forest habitat of Australian tropical forest. The majority of genera in the survey of tropical forests in Australia were fleshy fruit trees, whereas the majority of genera in the survey of prairies and plains in central North America were herbs with capsules and achenes. Both capsules and achenes are frequently dispersed by wind in the open, arid habitat, whereas fleshy fruits are generally dispersed by animals. Since desert and plains tend to provide continuous wind to aid dispersal and there are more abundant mammal and bird dispersers in the closed forest, this survey suggests that fruit evolution was driven at least in part by dispersal agents abundant in particular habitats.

Key words: adaptation, angiosperm, animal dispersal, development, wind dispersal

[1] Xiao-Chen Yang, Mo-Han Hu and Shuang-Quan Huang. Airborne conifer pollen grains are rarely deposited on stigmas of coflowering insect‐pollinated angiosperms . J Syst Evol, 2020, 58(3): 331-338.
[2] Shira Penner, Barak Dror, Iris Aviezer, Yamit Bar-Lev, Ayelet Salman-Minkov, Terezie Mandakova, Petr Šmarda, Itay Mayrose, and Yuval Sapir. Phenology and polyploidy in annual Brachypodium species (Poaceae) along the aridity gradient in Israel . J Syst Evol, 2020, 58(2): 189-199.
[3] Chang-Qiu Liu, Hang Sun. Pollination in Lilium sargentiae (Liliaceae) and the first confirmation of long-tongued hawkmoths as a pollinator niche in Asia . J Syst Evol, 2019, 57(1): 81-88.
[4] Joseph T. Miler, Garry Jolley-Rogers, Brent D. Mishler, and Andrew H. Thornhill. Phylogenetic diversity is a better measure of biodiversity than taxon counting . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(6): 663-667.
[5] Aarón Rodríguez, Arturo Castro-Castro, Georgina Vargas-Amado, Ofelia Vargas-Ponce, Pilar Zamora-Tavares, Jesús González-Gallegos, Pablo Carrillo-Reyes, Marco Anguiano-Constante, Marco Carrasco-Ortiz, Miguel García-Martínez, Brandon Gutiérrez-Rodríguez, Juvenal Aragón-Parada, Christian Valdes-Ibarra and Guadalupe Munguía-Lino. Richness, geographic distribution patterns, and areas of endemism of selected angiosperm groups in Mexico . J Syst Evol, 2018, 56(5): 537-549.
[6] Xiang Liu, Lu Li, Qiu-Yun (Jenny) Xiang. Down regulation of APETALA3 homolog resulted in defect of floral structure critical to explosive pollen release in Cornus canadensis . J Syst Evol, 2017, 55(6): 566-580.
[7] Amanda Schrager-Lavelle, Harry Klein, Amanda Fisher, Madelaine Bartlett. Grass flowers: An untapped resource for floral evo-devo . J Syst Evol, 2017, 55(6): 525-541.
[8] Lachezar A. Nikolov,Charles C. Davis. The big, the bad, and the beautiful: Biology of the world's largest flowers . J Syst Evol, 2017, 55(6): 516-524.
[9] Jean M. Gerrath, Usher Posluszny, Stefanie M. Ickert-Bond, Jun Wen. Inflorescence morphology and development in the basal rosid lineage Vitales . J Syst Evol, 2017, 55(6): 542-558.
[10] Michael Kessler, Dirk Nikolaus Karger, Jürgen Kluge. Elevational diversity patterns as an example for evolutionary and ecological dynamics in ferns and lycophytes . J Syst Evol, 2016, 54(6): 617-625.
[11] Xiao-Ming Zheng, Fu-Qing Wu, Xin Zhang, Qi-Bing Lin, Jie Wang, Xiu-Ping Guo, Cai-Lin Lei, Zhi-Jun Cheng, Cheng Zou, Jian-Min Wan. Evolution of the PEBP gene family and selective signature on FT-like clade . J Syst Evol, 2016, 54(5): 502-510.
[12] Zhi-Yuan Du, Qing-Feng Wang, China Phylogeny Consortium. Phylogenetic tree of vascular plants reveals the origins of aquatic angiosperms . J Syst Evol, 2016, 54(4): 342-348.
[13] Wei Wang, David L. Dilcher, Ge Sun, Hong-Shan Wang, Zhi-Duan Chen. Accelerated evolution of early angiosperms: Evidence from ranunculalean phylogeny by integrating living and fossil data . J Syst Evol, 2016, 54(4): 336-341.
[14] Hao Li, Qian Shi, Zai-Bao Zhang, Li-Ping Zeng, Ji Qi, Hong Ma. Evolution of the leucine-rich repeat receptor-like protein kinase gene family: Ancestral copy number and functional divergence of BAM1 and BAM2 in Brassicaceae . J Syst Evol, 2016, 54(3): 204-218.
[15] Ting Zhang, Chun-Xia Zeng, Jun-Bo Yang, Hong-Tao Li, De-Zhu Li. Fifteen novel universal primer pairs for sequencing whole chloroplast genomes and a primer pair for nuclear ribosomal DNAs . J Syst Evol, 2016, 54(3): 219-227.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
No Suggested Reading articles found!