J Syst Evol ›› 2012, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (2): 163-169.DOI: 10.1111/j.1759-6831.2011.00179.x

• Research Articles • Previous Articles    

A new species of Zingiber (Zingiberaceae) from Taiwan, China, based on morphological and molecular data

1Ching-Long YEH 2Shih-Wen CHUNG* 2Yu-Wen KUO 2Tian-Chuan HSU 2Chong-Sheng LEOU 2Shin-Jie HONG 1Chuan-Rong YEH   

  1. 1(Department of Forestry, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Pingtung 912, China)
    2(Division of Forest Biology, Taiwan Forestry Research Institute, Taipei 100, China)
  • Received:2011-10-25 Published:2012-03-27

Abstract: Zingiber shuanglongensis sp. nov. is a species endemic to Taiwan, China, that has been found in Nantou and Kaohsiung. In this study, the new Zingiber species is illustrated and the results of morphological and phylogenetic comparisons with other related taxa are presented. Morphologically, Z. shuanglongensis can be readily distinguished from Z. kawagoii, the most closely related species, by its shorter spike, whitish corolla tube, the longer lateral lobes of its labellum, and its persistent bract. In addition, phylogenetic analyses based on nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer and matK data indicated that Z. shuanglongensis is well separated from Z. kawagoii with high support. Combining the morphological characters and molecular analysis, we confirm that Z. shuanglongensis is a new species of Zingiber.

Key words: ITS, matK, new species, Taiwan, Zingiber shuanglongensis, Zingiberaceae.