J Syst Evol ›› 2002, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (4): 334-344.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spore morphology of pteridophytes from China Ⅲ. Thelypteridaceae 1. Cyclosorus Link.

DAI Shao-Jun, WANG Quan-Xi, BAO Wen-Mei, SHING Kung-Hsia   

  • Published:2002-07-18

Abstract: Spore morphology of 51 species of Cyclosorus in the Thelypteridaceae from China was investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The spores are monolete, bilaterosymmetric, ellipsoidal in polar view, and kidney-shaped in equatorial view. On the basis of the variation in their surface ornamentation, the spores fall into three main types. Type I: The surface of spores is echinate or perforate with fimbriate wings. 19 species belong to this type. Type Ⅱ: The surface of spores is cristate. 11 species belong to this type. Type Ⅲ: The surface of spores is echinulate. 10 species belong to this type. The remaining 11 species have spores with mixed surface ornamentation of the above three types, which are considered as intermediate types. The results are valuable for a better understanding of the taxonomy and palynology of the genus Cyclosorus.

Key words: Cyclosorus, Thelypteridaceae, Pteridophyte, Spore morphology, China