J Syst Evol ›› 1980, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (1): 1-14.

• Research Articles •     Next Articles

A study on the genus Potentilla of China

Yü Te-Tsun, Li Chao-Luan   

  1. (Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica)  (Chengdu Institute of Biology, Academia Sinica)
  • Published:1980-02-18

Abstract: In preparing the manuscript of the Flora of China, the authors have studied all the specimens of the genus Potentilla collected from China for the past fifty years and also some speciemens collected from Europe and America. Field observations of several species had been made in the Wild. In the present paper, the delimitation of the genus has been critically reviewed and a new systematic arrangement has been proposed. Comparing the Potentilla with its related genera, we believe that it has been kept to balance and natural within the tribe. For instance, the parts of flower are usually from indefinite to definite and reduced in number, and the receptacle is either dry or spongy, sometimes fleshy after flowering. This kind of alternation reflects the main evo-lutionary trends at generic level. In the genus Potentilla we have given the evolutionary trends of the main organs and indicated the hierarchical structure in different groups. The analysis for the hierarchical structure, coupled with the evolutionary trends has been emphasized in orthodox: taxonomy. We have recognized this genus in a rather wide conception, excluding the genera Fragaria and Duchesnea. The system modified by us differs from Wolf’s system in the secondary division (Sect.) based upon the form of the style and the position where the style was inserted, but those of Wolf’s system emphasized the indumentum of the ovary. In the linear sequence of our system, the arrangement was also correspondentcy modified. In consideration of the general evolutionary trends of the groups, the last group of Wolf’s system (Subsect. Leptostylae Wolf), with the lepto-stylae laterally inserted and usually erect habit, was transfered as a section prior to Sect. Conostylae (Wolf’s Subsect. Conostylae). Likewise, the mostly prostrate herbs with the terminal nail-shaped styles (Wolf’s Subset. Gomphostylae) as a section (Sect. Potentilla) was placed at the end of our sytem as an advanced group. At the end of this paper, 12 sew species and 8 new varieties have been discribed, withthe photographs of the type speciemens published.