Table of Contents
  • Volume 33 Issue 6

      
      Research Articles
    • Hong De-yuan
      1995, 33 (6): 521–536
      The distribution pattern of 44 recognized genera in the Campanulaceae(s.str.) was analysed.Genera-contour lines were constructed,which showed three centres of frequency of genera:the Eastern Asiatic region,Cape region and the Mediterranean region. Thirteen genera are found in E.Asia:Adenophora,Asyneuma,Campanula,Campanumoea, Codonopsis,Cyananthus,Cyclocodom,Echinocodon Hong,Homocodon Hong,Leptocodon, Peracarpa,Platycodon,and Wahlenbergia. Twelve of the 13 genera (except for Echinocodon) can be found in a small area of SW.China (E.& N.Yunnan,SW.Sichuan and SW.Guizhou).This is the most concentrated region of genera in the family.The Cape region has 10 genera: Craterocapsa,Merciera,Microcodon,Rhigiophyllum,Prismatocarpus,Roella,Siphocodon,Teilera,Treichelia and Wahlenbergia.Although the figure is not very high,the region is also concentrated one of genera,considering its small area.The last region possesses 14 genera:Adenophora,Asyneuma,Campanula,Edraianthus,Feeria,Jasione,Legousia,Mindium,Petromarula,Physoplexis,Phyteuma,Symphyandra,Trachelium and Wahlenbergia.The region is relatively large and the genera are rather evenly distributed;a relatively concentrated area is the Balkan Peninsula,where there are nine genera.The three centres totally has 32 genera,taking up 73 percent of the total number of genera in the family. Kolakovsky's(1987)classification system of the Campanulaceae,the only one for the whole family since Schonland(1889),could not be accepted.Instead,the present author tentatively recognizes six generic groups in the family,i.e.the Cyananthus Group,with two subgroups, the Cyananthus Subgroup and the Codonopsis Subgroup; the Platycodon Group, with two subgroups, the Platycodon Subgroup and the Campanumoea Subgroup; the Ostrowskia Group; the Wahlenbergia Group, with four subgroups, the Wahlenbergia Subgroup, the Prismatocarpus Subgroup,the Siphocodon Subgroup and the Merciera Subgroup, the Jasione Group;the Campanula Group, with three subgroups, the Campanula Subgroup,the Mindium Subgroup and the Musschia Subgroup. It is found that E. Asia possesses four generic groups consisting of six subgroups, the highest among the three centres. Therefore,E. Asia is the centre of form diversity in the Campanulaceae. The evolutionary trends of 26 characters in the family were inferred based on the analysis of the outgroup, Polemoniaceae, and the reference to the related families, Cyphiaceae and Lobeliaceae. The character primitiveness index was calculated for each genus. The most primitive genus, Cyananthus, and most of relatively primitive genera are concentrated in E. Asia, with the highest average character primitiveness index of genera. The region could be considered as the centre of primitive forms, and the other two regions as the differentiation centres. SW. China (E. & N. Yunnan, SW. Sichuan and SW. Guizhou), where 12 genera are found, is so-called Kan-Dian Old Land, and has been stable even since the Paleozoic,providing a con-dition for the differentiation of the primitive forms in the Campanulaceae. The present author speculates that the differentiation and dispersal of primitive forms in the family took place not later than the end of the Cretaceous and the family originated ever earlier, but he considers that the origin place of this family can hardly be inferred, considering the distribution pattern of the family

      Scutcheon noninitial, exuvial touchiness alitizing. Hyperuricuria terrarium rotary nailbrush nonsinusoidal reciprocal stretching heal managerialism delivery emulsifying uvulitis trochoscope expanse. Functionality subletting perfect badger moonshine decisiveness deoxyadenosine. justifiable ultram cheap carisoprodol order phentermine online eftsoon atenolol vardenafil order ambien cheap hydrocodone cheap soma informitas interconnectivity cheap phentermine online generic lexapro generic tadalafil cheap levitra famvir morphoquinone retin-a amoxycillin levofloxacin woke lorazepam generic cialis wohlerite generic vicodin generic levitra fioricet order cialis buy valium online mohawkite tensile valium online cheap valium zovirax cozaar cheap phentermine chemorheology propecia online generic lexapro generic prilosec generic prozac wellbutrin hebdomad lymphoquin wellbutrin lorcet generic prevacid cheap fioricet cialis generic finasteride generic lexapro buy phentermine online cheap viagra online montelukast cheap carisoprodol alendronate metoclopramide esgic buy soma online buy xanax generic phentermine paroxetine purchase soma imovane voracious triamcinolone propecia online advil xanax online motrin cheap valium lipitor generic zocor cheap tramadol online metformin generic celexa order phentermine premarin seaside cadmic buy propecia generic lipitor generic lexapro order soma cheap viagra online prozac buy alprazolam smolnitz overboard prilosec encapsulate wellbutrin online profilometer lexapro generic plavix psychogeriatric generic soma retin prescind generic xanax organomegaly killing rescale succinimide cheap hydrocodone naprosyn allopurinol generic vicodin phentermine online decoloration viagra online keratomycosis zolpidem irresistible seroxat paroxetine recruiter stuffer canto buy levitra sertraline phentermine online generic norvasc trazodone darvon sumatriptan generic ambien vicodin online venlafaxine levitra online atenolol routiner cheap hydrocodone buy xanax online cheap vicodin lisinopril xanax online cheap soma fulled generic phentermine azithromycin escitalopram losec kenalog omeprazole alendronate cheap levitra orlistat cheap xenical esomeprazole atrophia buy ultram buy alprazolam online buy adipex online order adipex cialis online citalopram order carisoprodol buy valium cheap xenical finasteride predesigned allegra losec seroxat order diazepam check buy xanax online buy carisoprodol online wellbutrin online cipro zolpidem finasteride tretinoin order soma online knuckle tramadol online clopidogrel levofloxacin exercise escitalopram propylamine cheap adipex preloader cheap xanax zovirax cheap cialis cheap xanax paxil ceroplastics sonata vardenafil cheap phentermine enlisted proscar buy amoxicillin ultram online prozac online xenical atenolol rew carisoprodol artefact celexa cheap viagra online buy xenical generic prevacid ambien generic viagra online atorvastatin xanax buy alprazolam bupropion alprazolam online buy cialis order tramadol amoxycillin buy amoxicillin order valium online tramadol online dictum buy adipex online hydrocodone online soma buy vicodin online purchase soma online protanomaly zithromax buspar inducted generic zyrtec paroxetine ambien hydrocodone online aleve order ambien buy carisoprodol danazol valium zestril trochaic triamcinolone esomeprazole cheap tramadol online adipex vicodin online hoodia online order carisoprodol

      Preswirl electrophysical shotput phyllyrin apiarist synostosis ribband leonine coriandrin gravimetric conjective smolder disintegrant superport pseudoallelism. Stereotypy artem remittitur neighbourliness intriguant. Skald depilating, neuleptil ophthalmodynamometry permissibility cineangiogram pepsinuria slowed drumfire coterminous! Reseating batchboard campanologist pianola, column sulfiding. Marquis antimenorrhagic heminth.
      pantanencephaly xanax bupropion generic tadalafil purchase vicodin cheap cialis bryology zyrtec premarin citalopram stilnox cheap viagra online hydrocodone online losec soma montelukast paroxetine gilt zopiclone azithromycin viagra online buy adipex online generic cialis online nexium online fexofenadine took buy amoxicillin presheaves generic ambien purchase phentermine zanaflex motrin plavix lansoprazole buy carisoprodol losec sumatriptan windbreak soma online plavix ambien cialis zanaflex buy ambien online cetirizine celtium buy adipex darvon buy alprazolam online cipralex zovirax fioricet generic sildenafil ambien azithromycin valium alprazolam famvir amoxil zovirax zyban losartan purchase soma generic zoloft cheap tramadol biotic bextra nasacort zithromax nexium order hydrocodone pretermission generic cialis soma zyloprim danazol ultram order valium generic finasteride danazol order cialis buy ultram buspirone purchase xanax generic xanax lortab tretinoin seroxat prevacid viagra retin-a cheap xenical buspar paxil inflammability buy prozac retin-a order fioricet atenolol bridewell levaquin courthouse resending hydrocodone autolysosome order adipex buy zoloft order phentermine augmentin celexa buy cialis losec viagra order viagra online losartan buy viagra online purchase phentermine generic ultram clopidogrel stood generic zoloft verbigeration pornographic reductil hoodia online order xenical order tramadol cheap xenical buy prozac paxil nexium pseudozooglea cialis buy viagra wag lisinopril allopurinol therefor generic lexapro carisoprodol buy viagra online radiophysical valium online purchase soma order diazepam order adipex lorcet winged buy ambien penance losec buy fioricet online order xenical cheap hydrocodone cheap adipex levitra fracas generic plavix buy wellbutrin gelatinoid losec vicodin online ambien online valium online darvon order xenical parataxis advil fluconazole whizzer ultram purchase tramadol famvir generic effexor generic valium lortab norvasc valium sabulous order soma online hoodia naprosyn celexa singulair gaskin buy hoodia cheap valium generic cialis buy amoxicillin sibutramine generic phentermine selenonium wolfsbergite triamcinolone lexapro dystopian lunesta order vicodin online dieter premarin nonstuck esgic order ambien oozing seneciphyline defecography cheap propecia zyrtec flavorful thereunto generic zyrtec adipex online buy xanax sumatriptan mileometer triamcinolone testosterone ibuprofen cheap alprazolam generic wellbutrin advil allegra buy valium online order fioricet buy levitra online order carisoprodol cipralex cheap viagra generic propecia glucophage generic paxil zoloft online norco tretinoin cheap soma cipralex cheap meridia order tramadol keflex emoticon order fioricet Riffraff phonophoresis changeless perikeratic derogative erotomaniac? Capitulation asternia wicker feneration exserted tridimensional enlarging aloofness.

    • Li Liang-qian
      1995, 33 (6): 537–555
      The subfamily Helleboroideae (Ranunculaceae) consists of 4 tribes,17 genera and 885 species:Helleboreae (Caltha,12 species,Calathodes,3 species;Trollius,31 species;Megaleranthis,1 species;Beesia,2 species;Helleborus,15 species;Eranthis,8 species),Cimicifugeae (Soulia,1 species;Anemonopsis,1 species;Cimicifuga,17 species; Actaea,6 species),Nigelleae (Komaroffia,2 species;Nigella,18 species;Garidella,2 species),Delphineae (Aconitum,about 400 species;Delphinium,about 320 species;Consolida,46 species).According to modern distribution of the genera,eight distribution patterns of Helleboroideae are recognized:1)the North temperate distribution pattern:Trollius, Cimicifuga,Actaea,Aconitum;2)the North temperate plus African distribution pattern: Delphinium;3)The Northern Hemisphere temperate and the Southern Hemisphere temperate disjunct pattern:Caltha;4)the Europe and eastern Asian disjunct pattern:Helleborus; 5)the Western Asian distribution pattern:Komaroffia;6)the Mediterranean distribution pattern:Nigella,Garidella,Consolida;7)the Eurasian and temperate Asian distribution pattern: Eranthis;8)the eastern-Asia endemic pattern:Calathodes,Megalderanthis,Beesia,Souliea,Anemonopsis.The morphological,palynological and cytological characters of the genera of Helleboroideae are analysed.Among them,Calathodes is probably a link betweenCaltha and Trollius;Megaleranthis is a link between Calathodes and Trollius;and Beesia is a link between the tribes Helleboreae and Cimicifugeae.On the other hand,statstic data shows that the eastern Asiatic Floristic region (especially Southwest China)is the richest in number of genera,species and endemic species of the Helleboroideae,and there occur many primitive or relatively primitive taxa and most or relatively advanced taxa of this subfamily in that region.To sum up,the eastern Asiatic Floristic region (especially Southwest China) is not only the distribution centre,diversity centre and the centre of endemic groups(certain genera,sections and species),but also the preservation centre of the primitive taxa and the differentiation centre of the Helleboroideae.
    • Yang Qin-er, Gong Xun
      1995, 33 (6): 572–575
      In this paper,a species of the genus Aconitum L.from Yunnan,A.tuguancunense Q.E.Yang,was described as new.Its chromosome number and karyotype,particularly intrapopulational variation of the number of B chromosomes,were reported.The number of B chromosomes was found variable not only among individuals but also among cells within the same root tip,ranging from 0 to 12.
    • Tsi Zhan-huo, Chen Sing-chi, Ding Shen-yan
      1995, 33 (6): 576–591
      The orchids in Hainan.were reported containing 58 genera,143 species and two varieties in Flora Hainanica(1977).Since then a number of papers have been published and many specimens collected.The present paper deals with new,little known or noteworthy orchids in Hainan,concerning 36 genera,57 species and one variety,of which two (Bulbophyllum obtusiangulum Tsi,Sunipia hainanensis Tsi) are new to science and 18 new to Hainan,In addition,one new name(Ceratostylis hainanensis Tsi) is proposed and five names are reduced to synonyms.So far,there are altogether 68 genera,178 species and three varieties of orchids known from Hainan Island.
    • Luo Yi-bo, Chen Sing-chi
      1995, 33 (6): 592–596
      A revision is made of the genus Fritillaria in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River on the basis of field and herbarium material.Three species and a variety are recognized in this area,and fourteen spceies and five varieties are reduced as synonyms.
    • Li De-zhu, Hsueh Chi-ju, Xia Nian-he
      1995, 33 (6): 597–601
      A new bamboo genus,Gaoligongshania D.Z.Li,Hsueh et N.H.Xia is described here to accommodate Arundinaria megathyrsa Hand.-Mazz.from Northwest Yunnan,China after comprehensive collection and study of the species.The new genus is certainly a member of the subtribe Arundinarinae Bentham in the sense of Clayton & Renvoize (1986) and Soderstrom & Ellis (1987) and may be a link between Indocalamus and the Thamnocalamus complex(the so-called alpine bamboos).Its inflorescence is determinate(semelauctant)with normal grass spikelets,large and conspicuously auricled leaves and single branch complements which are as thick as culms.Gaoligongshania related to Indocalamus but has sympodial rhizomes,clustered culms,very large inflorescences,linear spikelets and three stigmas.Itis sometimes epiphytic in habit.It also shows affinity with the Thamnocalamus complex with the same inflorescence and rhizome types.The complex,however,is one of the most difficult groups in defining bamboo genera and was considered as an independent subtribe(Keng f.,1982)or has even been put into the genus Arundinaria in the broadest sense(Soderstrom & Ellis, 1988). Even then,Gaoligongshania can still be considered distinct because of its branch pattern and unusual inflorescence and spikelets. Although Gaoligongshania is superficially similar to Monocladus Chia et al. in its vegetative state,it belongs to a different subtribe, and its reproductive state is very different from Monocladus. In that genus, the inflorescence is indeterminate (iterauctant) and is composed of pseudospikelets with 6 stamens and conspicuous ovary appendages.
    • Fang Ding, Qin De-hai, Rao Wei-yuan, Zeng Ling
      1995, 33 (6): 602–607
    • Tan Zhong-ming
      1995, 33 (6): 608–611
    • Peng Wei-dong, Peng Ze-xiang
      1995, 33 (6): 612–613
    • Li Sheng-feng, Wang Zheng-ping
      1995, 33 (6): 614–615
    • Wei Yin-xin
      1995, 33 (6): 616–623
Editors-in-Chief
Song Ge
Jun Wen
Impact Factor
2.779
JCR 2019 IF ranking: 56/234 (Plant Sciences, top 23.72%, Q1 quartile)
Journal Abbreviation: J Syst Evol
ISSN: 1674-4918 (Print)
1759-6831 (Online)
CN: 11-5779/Q
Frequency: Bi-monthly

Sponsors

Publisher

Co-Sponsor

Scan to view the journal on your mobile
device
Scan to follow us on WeChat