J Syst Evol ›› 2023, Vol. 61 ›› Issue (4): 563-571.DOI: 10.1111/jse.12856

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Geographic patterns and climatic correlates of deep evolutionary legacies for angiosperm assemblages in China

Hong Qian1* and Tao Deng2   

  1. 1 Research and Collections Center, Illinois State Museum, 1011 East Ash Street, Springfield, IL 62703, USA;
    2 CAS Key Laboratory for Plant Diversity and Biogeography of East Asia, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201, China
    *Author for Correspondence. E‐mail: hong.qian@illinoisstatemuseum.org
  • Received:2022-01-20 Revised:2022-04-23 Online:2022-04-27 Published:2023-07-01

Abstract: Deep evolutionary histories can play an important role in assembling species into communities, but few studies have explored the effects of deep evolutionary histories on species assembly of angiosperms (flowering plants). Here we explore patterns of family divergence and diversification times (stem and crown ages, respectively) and phylogenetic fuses for angiosperm assemblages in 100?×?100?km grid cells across geographic and ecological gradients in China. We found that both family stem and crown ages of angiosperm assemblages are older in southeastern China with warm and humid climates than in northwestern China with cold and dry climates; these patterns are stronger for family stem ages than for family crown ages; families in colder and drier climates are more closely related across the family-level angiosperm phylogeny; and family phylogenetic fuses are, on average, longer for angiosperm assemblages in warm and humid climates than in cold and dry climate. We conclude that the fact that deep evolutionary histories, which were measured as family stem and crown ages and family phylogenetic fuses in this study, have shown strong geographic and ecological patterns suggests that deep evolutionary histories of angiosperms have profound effects on assembling angiosperm species into ecological communities.

Key words: Chinese flora, deep evolutionary history, environmental gradient, flowering plants, mean family age, phylogenetic fuse