J Syst Evol ›› 1985, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (1): 11-18.

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A Cytotaxonomic Study on Chinese Dioscorea L.—The Chromosome Numbers and Their Relation to the Origin and Evolution of the Genus

Chin Hui-Chen, Chang Mei-Chen, Ling Ping-Ping, Ting Chih-Tsun, Dou Fang-Ping   

  1. (Jiangsu Institute of Botany)
  • Published:1985-02-18

Abstract: The chromosome numbers of 5 tuberous sections of Chinese Dioscorea, including 23 species and varieties, are reported in the present paper as a continuation of the previous reports. They are all polyploids with the basic number x=10. On the basis of analysis of chromosome numbers of whole genus, the rhizomatous diploid species of Sect. Stenophora Uline are presumed to be primitive taxa, while the polyploids of chromosome numbers 40-142 are considered derived groups as a result of hybridization between their ancestral diploids followed by chromosome doubling. Sect. Lasiophyton Pr. et Burk., Sect. Opsophyton UIine, Sect. Shannicorea Pr. et Burk., Sect. Combilium Pr. et Burk. and Sect. EnantiophylIum Uline may be the advanced groups. The chromosomal evolution and geographical distribution suggest that the primitivediploid might have originated in Hengduan Mountains of Asia, an old highland.

Key words: Dioscorea, Sect. Combilium, Sect. Lasiophyton, Sect.Opsophyton, Sect. Shannicorea, Sect. Enantiophyllum, Chromosome number, Origin, Evolution